Archives de la catégorie ‘Pentagone’

Général US: « Nos amis et alliés ont fondé Daesh pour détruire le Hezbollah »

De révélation en révélation, tout le monde aura bientôt compris ce qu’est DAESH. Le général Wesley Clark confirme ici ce que disait Sayed Hassan Nasrallah dans son dernier discours où il faisait remarquer que seul Israël n’était pas inquiété par l’Etat Islamique. Que d’efforts pourtant pour mettre en avant leur antisémitisme en Europe !

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Le général Wesley Clark, homme politique et ancien général des Forces armées des États-Unis a déclaré dans une interview avec la chaine américaine CNN que « l’Etat islamique (l’organisation takfiriste Daesh) a été crée grâce au financement de nos amis et de nos alliés … dans le but de se battre jusqu’à la mort contre le Hezbollah ».

Les déclarations de Wesley tranchent avec celles des dirigeants israéliens qui affirment que la principale menace à la sécurité d’ « Israël » provient de l’Iran, de la Syrie et du Hezbollah, et non pas de Daesh ou d’AlQaïda, rapporte Non Aligned Media.

En d’autres termes, l’objectif principal de créer Daesh, selon Clark, n’est autre que d’assurer la sécurité d’ »Israël » face au Hezbollah, sa principale bête noire.

Les propos de Wesley viennent également confirmer les accusations iraniennes, irakiennes et syriennes, selon lesquelles Daesh a été créé par la CIA.

Il convient de rappeler dans ce contexte le largage des munitions américaines aux groupes takfiristes lors des combats avec l’armée et les forces populaires irakiennes.

Le Général Wesley Clark est l’ancien dirigeant du Commandement Européen des États-Unis qui comprend toutes les activités militaires américaines dans les 89 pays et territoires en Europe, en Afrique et au Moyen-Orient.

En outre, il était le Commandant suprême des alliés en Europe (SACEUR), ce qui lui accordait le commandement total des forces militaires de l’OTAN en Europe de 1997 à 2001.

http://www.almanar.com.lb/french/adetails.php?eid=221098&cid=13&fromval=1&frid=13&seccatid=15&s1=1

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Plus de 600 camps d’emprisonnement ont été construits aux Etats-Unis par l’administration Bush, tous pleinement opérationnels et prêts à recevoir des prisonniers. Le personnel de la direction des camps est déjà en place, ainsi que des gardes à plein temps, bien que les camps soient tous vides pour l’instant.

Entourés de miradors, ces camps sont destinés à être utilisés par la FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency – l’agence fédérale chargée de gérer les situations d’urgence) dans le cadre d’une proclamation de la loi martiale.

LIRE: http://www.crashdebug.fr/index.php/dossiers/2496-fema-600-camps-de-concentration-aux-etats-unis

civilwarineurope

imageLe gouvernement américain étudie la possibilité de livrer des lance-missiles antichars Javelin à l’Ukraine, rapporte mardi le Wall Street Journal.

Selon le quotidien, sur fond de reprise des combats dans le Donbass, les Etats-Unis réexaminent la possibilité de fournir des armes défensives létales aux autorités de Kiev. De telles livraisons pourraient comprendre des lance-missiles antichars portables Javelin, ainsi que des armes légères et des munitions.

Toujours d’après le WSJ, au cours de ces derniers mois, les Etats-Unis ont fourni à la partie ukrainienne une assistance militaire non létale, dont des gilets pare-balles, des jumelles de vision nocturne et des systèmes radar anti-mortiers.

Auparavant, le journal New York Times, citant des sources au sein de l’administration US, a rapporté que le commandant en chef des forces de l’Otan en Europe, le général US Philip Breedlove, ainsi que plusieurs hauts responsables de la Maison Blanche, proposaient à Barack Obama de fournir des…

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02.02.2015 10:53
Entraînement militaire des volontaires ukrainiens près de Marioupol. [EPA/ANASTASIA VLASOVA - Keystone]

Entraînement militaire des volontaires ukrainiens près de Marioupol. [EPA/ANASTASIA VLASOVA – Keystone]
Le New York Times affirmait dimanche que Washington et l’Otan envisagent de soutenir l’envoi d’armes aux forces ukrainiennes qui combattent les séparatistes prorusses dans l’est de l’Ukraine.

Universal Journal Review

Wall Street Journal: DEA Uses License-Plate Readers to Build Database for Federal, Local Authorities

The Justice Department has been building a national database to track in real time the movement of vehicles around the U.S., a secret domestic intelligence-gathering program that scans and stores hundreds of millions of records about motorists, according to current and former officials and government documents.

The primary goal of the license-plate tracking program, run by the Drug Enforcement Administration, is to seize cars, cash and other assets to combat drug trafficking, according to one government…

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L’invasion de l’Afghanistan : un acte démocratique en façade mais une réalité bien plus sombre

À l’heure où le dernier contingent de l’armée française quitte le territoire afghan, marquant par la même le terme de quelque 13 ans de présence, les motivations premières de l’intervention américaine dans la région restent l’objet de fortes controverses. 

Lorsque l’on se met à penser à la politique entreprise par les États-Unis à l’égard de l’Afghanistan, les paroles de Napoléon Bonaparte à l’égard de la diplomatie, « la diplomatie est la police en grand costume », résonne comme une vérité impitoyable. Les « gendarmes du monde libre » comme aiment à se nommer les États-Unis depuis la fin de la Guerre froide ont adopté une stratégie diplomatique extrêmement intelligente en Afghanistan. En effet, depuis l’élection du président américain Barack Obama très peu de gens ont remis en question l’engagement de Washington en Afghanistan. Sa raison ? Selon lui, c’est là que l’organisation Al-Qaïda est retranchée et c’est la « vraie » menace pour la sécurité nationale. Néanmoins, lorsque l’on s’intéresse aux véritables raisons de l’implication étasunienne en Afghanistan, la réalité semble bien différente.

L’or noir : la raison principale de la présence américaine en Afghanistan

Projet de constrution du pipeline(1)La guerre en Afghanistan cacherait-elle autre chose ? La réponse se trouverait en partie à Houston, au Texas. En effet, en 1997 alors que George W. Bush était gouverneur du Texas, une délégation de chefs talibans venue d’Afghanistan rencontra à Houston des dirigeants de UNOCAL – groupe pétrolier californien – pour discuter de la construction d’un pipeline qui traverserait l’Afghanistan et qui acheminerait du gaz naturel depuis la mer Caspienne vers la centrale électrique à gaz naturel d’Enron à Dabhol près de Mumbai (Inde). Le jour où UNOCAL a signé la construction du pipeline, c’est la compagnie Halliburton, dirigée par Dick Cheney – futur vice-président de George W. Bush – qui a obtenu le contrat de forage dans la mer Caspienne. Les États-Unis entendaient donc obtenir la maîtrise sur ce pipeline stratégique via l’entreprise UNOCAL, mais lorsque celle-ci n’y parvint pas, les États-Unis finirent par préparer une guerre. Au moment où les militaires étaient prêts à attaquer, et qu’il ne manquait plus qu’un prétexte pour l’invasion, les événements du 11 septembre 2001 tombèrent à pic. Toutes ces «coïncidences » montrent que depuis toujours, le pétrole constitue un enjeu primordial pour les États-Unis. L’invasion de l’Afghanistan par les États-Unis peut donc être expliquée en grande partie par la volonté de Washington de contrôler l’une des régions du monde les plus riches en ressources pétrolifères.

« Le pavot est l’opium du peuple »

L’armée américaine occupe l’Afghanistan pour deux raisons principales. Premièrement Washington a la volonté de rétablir et de contrôler la plus grande fourniture mondiale d’opium des marchés internationaux de l’héroïne et utiliser la drogue comme arme contre ses adversaires Evolution de la production d'opium en Afghanistansur le plan géopolitique, tout particulièrement, la Russie. En effet, désormais, plus de terres sont consacrées à l’opium en Afghanistan que pour la culture de la coca en Amérique latine. Selon le rapport annuel de l’ONU sur les drogues, en mars 2000, l’Afghanistan était le premier producteur d’opium avec 75% de la production mondiale. En 2007, l’Afghanistan détenait près de 93% de la production mondiale

 

L’impérialisme américain : l’Afghanistan au cœur de la stratégie hégémonique américaine

Pour les États-Unis, la raison des bases aériennes américaines implantées en Afghanistan, n’est pas tant de faire disparaître les cellules d’Al-Qaïda qui pourraient avoir survécu dans les grottes de Tora Bora que d’avoir dans leur ligne de mire les deux nations du monde qui, réunies, constituent encore aujourd’hui la seule menace à leur pouvoir suprême sur le monde: la Chine associée à la Russie.

La Chine est l’économie la plus robuste du monde. La Russie, dont l’économie ne s’est pas remise de la fin destructrice de l’ère soviétique et des grossiers pillages au cours de l’ère Eltsine, possède toujours des atouts essentiels pour l’association. La force de frappe nucléaire de la Russie et son armée représentent la seule menace dans le monde d’aujourd’hui à la domination militaire des États-Unis. La Russie détient également le plus grand trésor du monde en gaz naturel et d’immenses réserves pétrolières dont la Chine a impérieusement besoin. Ces deux puissances convergent de plus en plus à travers une nouvelle organisation créée par elles en 2001, connue sous le nom d’Organisation de Coopération de Shanghai (OCS). L’Afghanistan constitue donc d’un point de vue géostratégique, le meilleur emplacement pour l’armée américaine afin de contrôler ses principaux concurrents. Pour exemple, Shindand, sa plus grande base afghane, est construite à seulement 100 kilomètres de la frontière iranienne, et à distance de frappe contre la Russie et la Chine.

Al-Qaida : « un méchant au pied d’argile » ?

La vérité, concernant toute cette tromperie autour du but réel en Afghanistan, devient claire si on examine de plus près la prétendue menace d’« Al Qaïda » là-bas. Selon l’auteur Erik Margolis, avant les attentats du 11 septembre 2001, le Renseignement étasunien accordait assistance et soutien à la fois aux talibans et à Al Qaïda. Margolis affirme que « la CIA projetait d’utiliser le Al Qaïda d’Oussama Ben Laden pour inciter à la révolte les Ouïghours musulmans contre la domination chinoise, et les talibans contre les alliés de la Russie en Asie centrale ». La plupart des médias américains choisissent d’oublier le fait qu’Al Qaïda était une création de la CIA dans les années 80. Elle recrutait et formait à la guerre des musulmans radicaux de la totalité du monde islamique contre les troupes russes en Afghanistan, dans le cadre d’une stratégie élaborée par Bill Casey, chef de la CIA sous Reagan. Face à toutes ces explications, la thèse constamment avancée par les gouvernements successifs américains à propos de la guerre contre le terrorisme apparaît quelque peu fragile. En effet, les arguments relatifs au pétrole, à l’opium ou encore à l’impérialisme américain semblent bien plus explicatifs que la seule volonté d’anéantir Al-Qaida.

« En politique rien n’arrive par hasard. Si cela se produit, vous pouvez être sûr que cela a été planifié de cette façon », les paroles de l’ancien président des Etats-Unis, Franklin D. Roosevelt, dépeignent extrêmement bien les raisons de l’invasion de l’Afghanistan. Il était donc temps de mettre en exergue les réelles intentions de la superpuissance américaine qui, loin de toute volonté démocratique, avait pour but de consolider son hégémonie et de maintenir ses adversaires à distance.

Quentin Grislain

sources:

http://aujourdhuilaturquie.com/fr/linvasion-de-lafghanistan-un-acte-democratique-en-facade-mais-une-realite-bien-plus-sombre/

https://enjeuxenergies.wordpress.com/2015/01/06/linvasion-de-lafghanistan-un-acte-democratique-en-facade-mais-une-realite-bien-plus-sombre-aujourdhui-la-turquieaujourdhui-la-turquie/

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Dans l’actualité

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Olivier Demeulenaere - Regards sur l'économie

« En 2014, le budget militaire américain pour l’armée et les opérations militaires s’est élevé à 661,29 milliards de dollars, soit plus de 1,8 milliard de dollars par jour, ou près de 21 000 dollars par seconde ! Cela représente 17,3% du budget américain, et plus de 4 % du Produit intérieur brut du pays, ce qui en fait le premier budget militaire du monde. Qui finance ce budget militaire extravagant des USA ? En théorie , ce sont les contribuables américains et ceux des pays alliés. En pratique, ce sont surtout ces mêmes alliés, et le reste du monde, qui financent, par le système de Ponzi du dollar, l’armée même qui va les surveiller, voire les attaquer [1].

us army

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The Fifth Column

(L to R) Donald Rumsfeld; George W. Bush and Dick Cheney

Addicting Info

If President Obama won’t do it, someone else will. Thankfully, a human rights group in Berlin, The European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights, has begun the process of indicting members of the Bush Administration by filing criminal complaints against the architects of the Admin’s torture program.

Calls for an immediate investigation by the German human rights group was started after outrage ensued on the case of a German citizen, Khalid El-Masri, who had been captured by CIA agents in 2004  because of a mistaken identity mix-up and was tortured at a secret prison in Afghanistan.

Wolfgang Kaleck, the general secretary of the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights, said:

“By investigating members of the Bush administration, Germany can help to ensure that those responsible for abduction, abuse and illegal detention do not go unpunished.”

In an interview with “Democracy Now,” Michael…

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Dear Kitty. Some blog

This video from Channel 4 TV in Britain is called Torture -The Guantanamo Guidebook.

From daily The Guardian in Britain:

US releases four Guantánamo Bay prisoners to Afghanistan

Martin Pengelly in New York and agencies

Saturday 20 December 2014 17.52 GMT

The US announced on Saturday the release of four more prisoners from the detention facility at Guantánamo Bay. The four men were repatriated to Afghanistan.

The men, who had been in the camp for more than 10 years, were named as Shawali Khan, Khi Ali Gul, Abdul Ghani and Mohammed Zahir. They had been cleared for transfer for some time and are not considered to represent security risks in Afghanistan, where US troops are still deployed.

A US official told Reuters the men were flown to Kabul overnight, aboard a US military plane, and released to Afghan authorities in the first such…

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le monde à l'ENVERS

TORTURES USA 6

Parmi de nombreuses atrocités, le rapport sur la Torture rendu public par le Sénat US révèle que les motivations de certains agents de la CIA zélés étaient surtout financières… 

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Le blog A Lupus un regard hagard sur Lécocomics et ses finances

Dianne Feinstein: « Les actions de la CIA, une tache sur les valeurs et l’histoire de l’Amérique »

Dianne Feinstein, la présidente de la Commission du renseignement du Sénat, a résisté à d’énormes pressions visant à l’empêcher de publier son rapport sur les tortures pratiquées par la CIA

http://wikileaksactu.wordpress.com/2014/12/11/dianne-feinstein-les-actions-de-la-cia-une-tache-sur-les-valeurs-et-lhistoire-de-lamerique/

L’accablant exposé que Dianne Feinstein a présenté mardi devant le Congrès sur la torture pratiquée par la Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) dans la lutte contre le terrorisme en fait partie. Le visage grave, vêtue d’un ensemble bleu-violet, la sénatrice démocrate de Californie n’avait pas de trémolo dans la voix pour dénoncer devant tout le pays la brutalité des techniques d’interrogatoire musclé utilisées par la CIA à partir de 2002. Elle a courageusement martelé que les Etats-Unis ne pouvaient pas bafouer leurs propres principes fondateurs pour faire parler des…

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histoireetsociete

Dans une mise en scène digne d’un blogbuster hollywoodien, les Etats Unis viennent de rendre public un ersatz vidé de sa substance du rapport d’enquête de 6700 pages du Sénat américain sur les pratiques de torture utilisées par la CIA dans le cadre de ce qu’il est convenu d’appelé les pratiques d’interrogatoire élargies. Privation de sommeil, noyade, coups …
Autrement dit comment les attentats du 11 septembre ont pu servir d’excuse pour lancer un programme d’Etat de recours systématique à la torture et de violation de tous les droits liés à la personne humaine sous couvert de lutte contre le terrorisme.
Autrement dit, par le Patriot  Act, qui est censé couvrir légalement ces pratiques, comment les Etats Unis sont devenus un Etat terroriste, dont le régime devrait, en tant que tel, être jugé par une Cour internationale. Les responsables, à savoir les Présidents concernés, les ministres de la…

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Image à la Une

CIA Flights in Europe: The Hunt for Hercules N8183J

By Georg Mascolo, and Holger Stark

A bitter debate over torture has erupted in Europe. Washington is believed to have used EU countries as transit points for moving terrorism suspects to clandestine locations where they may have been tortured. The Council of Europe and other organizations are now demanding answers — from the US and European countries who looked the other way.

A solitary confinement cage at Iraq's notorious Abu Ghraib prison.AP
A solitary confinement cage at Iraq’s notorious Abu Ghraib prison.

Dick Marty, a liberal-minded Swiss citizen with a gray beard, glasses and a high forehead, knows what it’s like to face a powerful opponent. As a prosecutor, he once successfully prosecuted the Mafia. His current adversary is just as intimidating and perhaps even more secretive than the Mafia. It’s the United States Central Intelligence Agency, which, in an effort to back the White House, has responded to the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks by kidnapping terrorism suspects and presumably abusing them in secret prisons. Now the Council of Europe has hired Marty to find out which European countries may have helped the US agents achieve their objectives.Last Friday, the Swiss prosecutor made it clear that he has no compunctions about picking a fight with the world’s sole remaining superpower. A self-confident Marty filed a request with the European Union’s satellite center in Torrejón, Spain for satellite photographs from the past three years. He hopes to use the images to determine whether the alleged secret prisons did in fact exist, in countries like Poland and Romania. He also contacted the European aviation authority, Eurocontrol, asking for data on the flight movements of 31 aircraft suspected of having served as CIA shuttles for the transport of prisoners or abducted terrorism suspects.

Marty’s mission touches on a hot-button issue — and it’s the first serious attempt to investigate and expose an arbitrary system Washington has allegedly used as one of its most effective weapons in combating terrorism. The US agents have used torture-like methods that many experts believe violate international law to extract statements from suspected members of al-Qaida. Until now, Washington’s European allies have consistently looked the other way when it came to this notorious aspect of the worldwide counterterrorism effort.

A regular CIA gulag appears to have been created in recent years, with many prisoners kept in Morocco, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and various central Asian nations, places where the CIA was given access to the prisoners at all times. Alvaro Gil-Robles, Commissioner for Human Rights at the Council of Europe, also claims to have seen a suspicious-looking prison camp at Camp Bondsteel, an American base in Kosovo.

But the highest-ranking al-Qaida members are apparently kept moving with a small group of CIA interrogation experts, like an invisible caravan, from one of the so-called black sites to another. Outrage over claims that some of these secret prisons may be located at former military bases in Eastern Europe triggered the Council of Europe’s investigation.

Turning a blind eye to human rights violations?

In the past, the Europeans turned a blind eye to the Americans’ human rights violations. After all, Islamist terror was considered more dangerous and, more importantly, was being committed by a common enemy. But now European politicians have had enough.

Marty secretly hopes for trans-Atlantic cooperation, and he may well get it. A heated debate has broken out in the United States over whether the West’s leading power can resort to torture when it believes its national security is under threat. The Bush administration’s draconian methods have met with sharp resistance in the US Senate. US President George W. Bush, for his part, has threatened to veto an amendment that would require the CIA — like any other US government agency — to use only methods allowed under international law to extract information from its prisoners. Vice President Dick Cheney’s vehement efforts to obstruct the amendment even prompted former CIA Director Stansfield Turner to angrily label Cheney a « vice president for torture. »

Another amendment the US Congress recently approved would give the US government 60 days to present a detailed report on the secret CIA prisons, or black sites. Specifically, Congress wants information on both the locations of these sites and all the interrogation methods allegedly used there. In other words, it appears that the US Congress and Swiss prosecutor Marty are both urgently seeking the same information.

The Council of Europe’s investigator already submitted a discreet request to the office of Democratic Senator John Kerry, who proposed the amendment, asking for information on the outcome of the report. Meanwhile, however, Marty can at least look forward to receiving informal help. In light of the heated debate over torture in Washington, the prospects of keeping the highly confidential report under wraps are slim.

The White House is increasingly coming under fire, especially in light of the difficulties Bush is having in convincing his fellow Americans that he is, in fact, winning the global war against terrorism. Indeed, every attempt on the part of the administration to suppress the revolt in the Senate against White House-sanctioned interrogation practices has so far failed.

The US does not engage in torture, but rather « unique and innovative » methods of prisoner interrogation, explains CIA Director Porter Goss. But what these methods entail has since become public knowledge. Under the policy, blows to the face and the abdomen are allowed, as is the apparently routine practice of forcing prisoners to stand for 40-hour periods in ice-cold cells while periodically spraying them with cold water. In an especially repugnant practice known as waterboarding, the prisoner is made to believe that he is drowning. « We must never simply fight evil with evil, » says Republican Senator John McCain, himself a torture victim during the Vietnam War. « It will kill us. »

European governments in the hot seat

The investigations in Europe are also acquiring a new sense of urgency, prompted by an official investigation request filed by the Council of Europe, which arrived in European capitals last Tuesday and has made officials nervous in several member states, including Germany. In a questionnaire accompanying the request, Terry Davis, the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, asks for information on the « activities of foreign services » on German soil and demands an investigation into the possible abduction of suspected al-Qaida activists. The request also includes questions about prisoner « transport by air. »

Graphic: Suspected CIA terror flights in Europe
DER SPIEGEL

Graphic: Suspected CIA terror flights in Europe

The German government will have some explaining to do, especially when it comes to charges that the German authorities turned a blind eye to the Americans having used their military base in Frankfurt am Main, which was just closed in October, Berlin’s Schönefeld Airport and the US military base in Ramstein essentially as European transfer stations for their secret prisoner transports.British journalist Stephen Grey, who claims to have a list of the flight movements of CIA aircraft, says he has discovered 210 suspicious flights in England alone. In January 2003, the Austrian air force even sent up two fighter jets to check on a suspicious Hercules flying under registration number N8183J. An investigation later revealed that the plane had taken off from the Rhine-Main Airbase in Frankfurt and was operated by Tepper Aviation, which is considered a CIA front company.

The German government has long been unofficially aware of such episodes. But it too has no knowledge of what or who was actually being transported on the aircraft. Nevertheless, Berlin has yet to follow the lead of the Danish government, which insisted that the Pentagon discontinue flights in Danish airspace that are « incompatible with international conventions. »

The Council of Europe also wants to know how the German government intends to ensure that such activities on the part of « foreign agencies » are monitored in the future — and « to what extent domestic law provides for a suitable response to such violations of the law, » especially when they relate to the « curtailment of liberty by foreign agencies. »

In short, the Council of Europe wants to know what European governments intend to do about CIA agents being allowed to fly their prisoners across Europe with impunity. The Germans won’t be the only ones with some explaining to do by Feb. 21, the deadline for all member states to return the questionnaire. The truth is that hardly any US ally in Europe has sufficiently met its obligation to comply with the requirements of the European Convention on Human Rights, which prohibits any form of torture.

In Germany, there is at least one documented case of the CIA abducting Khaled el-Masri, from the southern city of Neu-Ulm. The story of Masri, who was abducted in Macedonia in late 2003 and flown to Afghanistan in January 2004, is one of the first cases to expose the secret CIA program.

Masri, who has had a German passport for the past decade, was interrogated for months in a prison in Afghanistan, where he was likely tortured and, after no evidence was found to incriminate him, was secretly flown back to Europe in late May 2004. The case has drawn the attention of both the German and the Spanish authorities, because the aircraft used to transport Masri, a Boeing 737 with registration number N313P, was owned by a company with ties to the CIA and made a stop on the Spanish island of Mallorca.

The German government must have known about the allegations by no later than June 2004, when Masri’s attorney, Manfred Gnjidic wrote to then Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer and the Federal Chancellery. The authorities reacted as they often do in embarrassing situations, using behind-the-scenes diplomacy in an attempt to make the problem go away.

At first, agents with Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (BND), sent a discreet inquiry to their US counterparts with whom they normally enjoy a close working relationship. The reply was succinct: it was a mistake, the kind that happens now and then.

Then, in Feb. 2005, then Interior Minister Otto Schily flew to Washington and met with CIA Director Goss. Schily demanded an explanation and an assurance that the abductions would cease. But this time Schily, otherwise known for his good relationship with the Bush administration, came away more or less empty-handed.

In a similar case, the Italian Justice Ministry has attempted to exert pressure on its own judiciary. Justice Minister Roberto Castelli publicly chastised a Milan public prosecutor who caused trouble for Castelli by filing an extradition request for 22 CIA agents. Prosecutor Armando Spataro said that in February 2003 the US agents kidnapped Imam Abu Omar in broad daylight in Milan, placed him on a Lear jet operated by CIA airline Tepper Aviation, and sent him to Egypt via the US airbase in Ramstein, Germany. If Castelli sends the extradition request to Washington, the move will anger the Bush administration. But if he refuses, he’ll irritate many Italians. To avert either outcome, Castelli first plans to meticulously examine the prosecutor’s petition for signs of « leftist anti-Americanism. »

Two Eastern European countries are coming under even more pressure than Germany or Italy: Poland and Romania, both countries that apparently served as temporary destinations for the CIA’s secret al-Qaida transports. Insiders in Washington claim that the two countries also contained secret black sites.

The issue is especially worrisome to the Romanians. If investigator Marty, currently making inquiries in Bucharest, finds evidence of the existence of a secret US prison, the country’s planned accession to the EU in 2007 could be in jeopardy. But all other Europeans who, despite not having actively supported the prisoner transports, looked the other way for too long will hardly be able to avoid coming clean. « If it becomes apparent that flying torture chambers are circling over Europe, » threatens Martin Schulz, Social Democratic group leader in the European Parliament, « there will be no getting around an official inquiry. »

Translated from the German by Christopher Sultan

Correction Appended: A correction has been made to this text. Through a translation error, SPIEGEL Online incorrectly stated that Khaled el-Masri was abducted by the CIA in the German city of Neu-Ulm. In fact, he was abducted in Macedonia.

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Sunday, December 23, 2007

 

 Activists link jets to secret missions

 By Kevin Maurer, Staff writer

The silver Gulfstream jet was barely visible as it descended out of the clouds over Fayetteville.
Chuck Fager stood under a tree in the gravel parking lot near the runway, trying to stay cool in the sweltering August heat. When he saw the dart-shaped plane with its swept wings, he raced to the fence. Clutching a small point-and-shoot digital camera, he started to snap pictures of the plane and its tail number — N475LC — as it taxied to the Centurion Aviation Services terminal at Fayetteville Regional Airport.
The plane was returning from Crestview, Fla., near Eglin Air Force Base and Hurlburt Field, home of Air Force special operations forces, according to flight records.
Fager is director of Fayetteville’s Quaker House and an anti-war activist. He is also part of a network of plane-spotters who are trying to shed light on a covert program known as extraordinary rendition.
Extraordinary rendition is a CIA practice of capturing and transporting suspected terrorists for interrogation in countries that have lax rules on questioning suspects.
The program reportedly began under President Clinton, but under the Bush administration the flights are alleged to have increased dramatically.
The Supreme Court has ruled that the practice is permissible, according to The Associated Press.

NC Stop Torture

Now and other anti-war groups have joined forces to track planes by tail numbers and build extensive online databases of flight plans and owners. Fager was at Fayetteville Regional Airport shooting pictures of the Centurion jet because the network believes the company is supporting the CIA rendition program.
« We believe that Centurion is part of what we call the torture-industrial complex, » Fager said.
     But company officials say Fayetteville-based Centurion Aviation Services is just a private flight service that supports L3 Communications, the sixth-largest defense contractor in the world, which has operations in Fayetteville.
     « Centurion has been falsely implicated on several occasions regarding rendition or associated flights, » P.J. Wachtler, president of the company, said in an e-mail. « It appears to me that the basis for the misinformation in these articles stems directly from plane-spotter and conspiracy blog sites. It’s these types of sites and open speculation that put my crews and aircraft directly at risk. »
     A message posted on an Arabic Web forum called on Muslims to destroy all American Gulfstream and Learjets, according to an April 2006 Transportation Security Administration warning provided by Wachtler.
     Centurion came to the attention of Fager and other plane-spotters this summer when the company was linked in the news and in parliamentary reports in Europe to rendition flights.
     NC Stop Torture Now has focused most of its attention on Aero Contractors, a private company in Johnston County also linked in media reports to the rendition program.
     Germany indicted 13 Americans earlier this year, including pilots for Aero, in the 2004 kidnapping, detention and transport of Khaled El-Masri, a German citizen of Lebanese descent.
     El-Masri alleges that a CIA black snatch team picked him up, and he was beaten, stripped naked and drugged.
     The snatch team flew him to Afghanistan, where he was held for months before finally being released. El-Masri sued the CIA, but the case was dismissed.
     « It is un-American, » Fager said of the rendition program. « You don’t treat children of God this way. Americans don’t treat people this way. »
     While Aero Contractors has received significant attention for alleged ties to rendition, Centurion has stayed mostly out of the public eye.
     A source familiar with special operations aviation says that’s not surprising because Centurion has no connection to any rendition flights.
     « Anybody that would try and claim otherwise is smoking crack, » said the source.
     The source said the company is a taxi service. Its two Gulfstream IV jets — the model of the plane spotted by Fager — cost close to $40 million each and are a favorite of executives because of their comfortable cabin and long range. The jet’s maximum range is about 5,000 nautical miles.
     Trevor Paglen, author of « Torture Taxi: On the Trail of the CIA’s Rendition Flights, » thinks that Centurion is likely the Joint Special Operations Command’s private airline. The command oversees the secretive counterterrorist forces of the Army, Navy and Air Force.
     Ken McGraw, a spokesman for the U.S. Special Operations Command at Tampa, Fla., said the aircraft do not belong to U.S. Special Operations Command or its components.
     « Centurion will have to provide the information about who their customers are, » he said.
     Paglen points out that Centurion is authorized to land at military bases to refuel.
     Wachtler said in an e-mail that L-3 Communications owns the jets. As a defense contractor, the company needs access to military bases.
     « As such, Centurion applied for and received its civil landing permit by the (Defense Department) to land at military bases. This is not an unusual process for aviation companies, » he said.
     Centurion has 22 employees, Wachtler said, and has been operating since 2002.

     Flight routes

     He would not comment on the company’s normal missions or frequent flight routes.
     « We are obliged to protect the privacy of our clients with regards to the nature of their business, » he said.
     One of Centurion’s Gulfstream IVs — tail number N478GS — has landed at Guantanamo Bay at least four times and was seen in Cyprus, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Qatar, according to Eurocontrol — the European counterpart to the FAA.
     Fager said the planes leaving Fayetteville usually fly to Bangor, Maine, then on to Shannon Airport in Ireland and then disappear before coming back the same way.
     The flight in August originated in Crestview, Fla., which is home to Tepper Aviation Inc., Fager said.
      According to Sourcewatch.org, (www.sourcewatch.org ) Tepper had a long association with the CIA in the 1980s and 1990s, including flying weapons into Angola to arm rebels.
      SourceWatch is a directory of people and organizations created by the Center for Media and Democracy.
      Wachtler said Centurion has also never dealt with Tepper Aviation, an assertion confirmed by Tepper Aviation officials. Wachtler said the plane in August was carrying five L-3 Communication passengers to a meeting in Destin, Fla.
      « We had to land at Bob Sikes Airport in Crestview, Fla. since the Destin runway is too short to land our G-IV, » he said.
      According to airport officials, the runway at Destin/Fort Walton Beach Airport is long enough to accommodate a G-IV. But Wachtler said in an e-mail Friday that Centurion’s Operations Manual limits G-IV operations to runways that are at least 6,000 feet long. Destin is just under 5,000 feet long.
      Fager knows that most of the Centurion flights he and other plane-spotters have documented have not been returning from rendition missions. But he said he believes they have established that the company is connected.
     Fager said he wants a new version of the Church Committee — a Senate panel that dug into CIA activities in the 1970s. Only Congress, he said, can really shine a light on rendition and who is involved.
     « We’re not going to stop it immediately, » Fager said. « It is a long march. But we are moving toward a time when somebody with a lot more clout says let’s take a look at this. »

——————————————–

Published on Monday
December 31, 2007

 Centurion clarification

 By Chuck Fager

 Fayetteville

     I’m grateful to the Observer and reporter Kevin Maurer for opening a window onto Centurion Aviation services (« Activists link jets to secret missions, » Dec. 23), and the secret world it inhabits, which adjoins everyday life in Fayetteville like a parallel universe.
     However, one clarification is in order. The article’s subheading states that I charged Centurion was « involved in extraordinary rendition, » or kidnapping-torture flights.
     Centurion officials vehemently denied making any rendition flights. They were backed up by an unnamed source « familiar with special forces aviation, » who insisted that « anybody that would claim otherwise is smoking crack. »
     The subheading is less than precise, however, and the denials miss their mark. My actual statement in the article, cited accurately, was this:
     « We believe that Centurion is part of what we call the Torture Industrial complex. »
     What’s that?
     The Torture Industrial Complex includes a wide range of facilities and activities — it is by no means limited only to kidnap-torture « rendition » flights.
     Here are a few other parts that we know of:

     — A far-flung network of secret prisons and other « black sites, » with interrogators, guards and support staff. The Associated Press reported in 2006 that these secret sites hold as many as 14,000 prisoners in a « legal vacuum. »
     — Detailed planning and logistics programs for the sites. The ACLU has filed suit against a California travel planning company, Jeppeson Dataplan, for its part in setting up torture-related flight plans.
     — Dozens of dummy front companies scattered across the U.S. (Two at least in North Carolina; and Centurion’s planes were owned by a third.)
     — Training for « interrogators » who administer the torture, which this newspaper reported last June had « migrated » from Fort Bragg to Guantanamo, Abu Ghraib and likely other places in the secret network.
     — Psychiatrists and doctors to design, refine, monitor — and cover up among their colleagues — the « enhanced interrogation » torture techniques. Their active roles, including personnel from Fort Bragg, have been confirmed by the Army in an Inspector General’s report released last summer.
     — Lawyers and flacks to pretend that torture is legal and moral, or to argue that in any case the U.S. does not torture because if the U.S. does it, it can’t be torture. Kudos to the Observer’s editorial writers for not falling for this doublespeak.
     — Compliant media outlets (not including this paper), to ignore this expanding reality.
     — And not least, given the government-military context, there must be layers of clandestine bureaucracy as well.Thus, there are many ways for a secret outfit like Centurion to be related to the Torture Industrial Complex besides making actual kidnap-rendition flights. So the company’s denials may be technically true, but are beside the point.
      Strictly by accident, we have an instructive local example:
      Centurion’s Gulfstream N478GS flew from Bagram, Afghanistan, to Bucharest, Romania, in late 2004. We know about this flight because N478GS crash-landed at Bucharest, and crash reports were uncovered and reported by the Chicago Tribune. (For that article, click here.)
      Investigators have established the presence of secret U.S. prisons at both ends of this route. So it is not a stretch to « connect these dots » with the Torture Industrial Complex.
      Planespotters recently verified that Centurion’s N478GS is flying again, based in Fayetteville.
      Moreover, Centurion flight logs obtained by NC Stop Torture Now document that many of their flights land at one airport in England or Ireland, then drop from sight for several days, only to reappear at a different airport for a return flight to Fayetteville.
      What other secret Centurion missions are hidden in these blacked-out periods?
      That’s a good question, worth exploring further. Certainly Centurion is very busy these days. In fact, as reported in this newspaper last June, it is even expanding, planning a new hangar that will more than double the size of its Fayetteville airport facility.
      The company was already one of the largest corporate taxpayers in Fayetteville. In 2005 it ranked just below Wal-Mart, the city’s largest civilian employer, in tax payments.
     We hope reporting and investigations of the Torture Industrial Complex will continue, in these pages and elsewhere.

      And, by the way, I don’t smoke crack.

      Never have.

Chuck Fager is Director of Quaker House in Fayetteville, and is active with North Carolina Stop Torture Now.

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cia
Published: May 31, 2005

A Casa 235 about to take off from Ruzyne Airport in Prague on a flight to Afghanistan operated by the C.I.A.-connected Aero Contractors.

Published: May 31, 2005

This article was reported by Scott Shane, Stephen Grey and Margot Williams and written by Mr. Shane.

SMITHFIELD, N.C. – The airplanes of Aero Contractors Ltd. take off from Johnston County Airport here, then disappear over the scrub pines and fields of tobacco and sweet potatoes. Nothing about the sleepy Southern setting hints of foreign intrigue. Nothing gives away the fact that Aero’s pilots are the discreet bus drivers of the battle against terrorism, routinely sent on secret missions to Baghdad, Cairo, Tashkent and Kabul.

When the Central Intelligence Agency wants to grab a suspected member of Al Qaeda overseas and deliver him to interrogators in another country, an Aero Contractors plane often does the job. If agency experts need to fly overseas in a hurry after the capture of a prized prisoner, a plane will depart Johnston County and stop at Dulles Airport outside Washington to pick up the C.I.A. team on the way.

Aero Contractors’ planes dropped C.I.A. paramilitary officers into Afghanistan in 2001; carried an American team to Karachi, Pakistan, right after the United States Consulate there was bombed in 2002; and flew from Libya to Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, the day before an American-held prisoner said he was questioned by Libyan intelligence agents last year, according to flight data and other records.

While posing as a private charter outfit – « aircraft rental with pilot » is the listing in Dun and Bradstreet – Aero Contractors is in fact a major domestic hub of the Central Intelligence Agency’s secret air service. The company was founded in 1979 by a legendary C.I.A. officer and chief pilot for Air America, the agency’s Vietnam-era air company, and it appears to be controlled by the agency, according to former employees.

Behind a surprisingly thin cover of rural hideaways, front companies and shell corporations that share officers who appear to exist only on paper, the C.I.A. has rapidly expanded its air operations since 2001 as it has pursued and questioned terrorism suspects around the world.

An analysis of thousands of flight records, aircraft registrations and corporate documents, as well as interviews with former C.I.A. officers and pilots, show that the agency owns at least 26 planes, 10 of them purchased since 2001. The agency has concealed its ownership behind a web of seven shell corporations that appear to have no employees and no function apart from owning the aircraft.

The planes, regularly supplemented by private charters, are operated by real companies controlled by or tied to the agency, including Aero Contractors and two Florida companies, Pegasus Technologies and Tepper Aviation.

The civilian planes can go places American military craft would not be welcome. They sometimes allow the agency to circumvent reporting requirements most countries impose on flights operated by other governments. But the cover can fail, as when two Austrian fighter jets were scrambled on Jan. 21, 2003, to intercept a C.I.A. Hercules transport plane, equipped with military communications, on its way from Germany to Azerbaijan.

« When the C.I.A. is given a task, it’s usually because national policy makers don’t want ‘U.S. government’ written all over it, » said Jim Glerum, a retired C.I.A. officer who spent 18 years with the agency’s Air America but says he has no knowledge of current operations. « If you’re flying an executive jet into somewhere where there are plenty of executive jets, you can look like any other company. »

Some of the C.I.A. planes have been used for carrying out renditions, the legal term for the agency’s practice of seizing terrorism suspects in one foreign country and delivering them to be detained in another, including countries that routinely engage in torture. The resulting controversy has breached the secrecy of the agency’s flights in the last two years, as plane-spotting hobbyists, activists and journalists in a dozen countries have tracked the mysterious planes’ movements.

Inquiries From Abroad

The authorities in Italy and Sweden have opened investigations into the C.I.A.’s alleged role in the seizure of suspects in those countries who were then flown to Egypt for interrogation. According to Dr. Georg Nolte, a law professor at the University of Munich, under international law, nations are obligated to investigate any substantiated human rights violations committed on their territory or using their airspace.

Dr. Nolte examined the case of Khaled el-Masri, a German citizen who American officials have confirmed was pulled from a bus on the Serbia-Macedonia border on Dec. 31, 2003, and held for three weeks. Then he was drugged and beaten, by his account, before being flown to Afghanistan.

The episode illustrates the circumstantial nature of the evidence on C.I.A. flights, which often coincide with the arrest and transporting of Al Qaeda suspects. No public record states how Mr. Masri was taken to Afghanistan. But flight data shows a Boeing Business Jet operated by Aero Contractors and owned by Premier Executive Transport Services, one of the C.I.A.-linked shell companies, flew from Skopje, Macedonia, to Baghdad and on to Kabul on Jan. 24, 2004, the day after Mr. Masri’s passport was marked with a Macedonian exit stamp.

Mr. Masri was later released by order of Condoleezza Rice, the national security adviser at the time, after his arrest was shown to be a case of mistaken identity.

A C.I.A. spokeswoman declined to comment for this article. Representatives of Aero Contractors, Tepper Aviation and Pegasus Technologies, which operate the agency planes, said they could not discuss their clients’ identities. « We’ve been doing business with the government for a long time, and one of the reasons is, we don’t talk about it, » said Robert W. Blowers, Aero’s assistant manager.

A Varied Fleet

But records filed with the Federal Aviation Administration provide a detailed, if incomplete, portrait of the agency’s aviation wing.

The fleet includes a World War II-era DC-3 and a sleek Gulfstream V executive jet, as well as workhorse Hercules transport planes and Spanish-built aircraft that can drop into tight airstrips. The flagship is the Boeing Business Jet, based on the 737 model, which Aero flies from Kinston, N.C., because the runway at Johnston County is too short for it.

Most of the shell companies that are the planes’ nominal owners hold permits to land at American military bases worldwide, a clue to their global mission. Flight records show that at least 11 of the aircraft have landed at Camp Peary, the Virginia base where the C.I.A. operates its training facility, known as « the Farm. » Several planes have also made regular trips to Guantánamo.

But the facility that turns up most often in records of the 26 planes is little Johnston County Airport, which mainly serves private pilots and a few local corporations. At one end of the 5,500-foot runway are the modest airport offices, a flight school and fuel tanks. At the other end are the hangars and offices of Aero Contractors, down a tree-lined driveway named for Charlie Day, an airplane mechanic who earned a reputation as an engine magician working on secret operations in Laos during the Vietnam War.

« To tell you the truth, I don’t know what they do, » said Ray Blackmon, the airport manager, noting that Aero has its own mechanics and fuel tanks, keeping nosey outsiders away. But he called the Aero workers « good neighbors, » always ready to lend a tool.

Son of Air America

Aero appears to be the direct descendant of Air America, a C.I.A.-operated air « proprietary, » as agency-controlled companies are called.

Just three years after the big Asian air company was closed in 1976, one of its chief pilots, Jim Rhyne, was asked to open a new air company, according to a former Aero Contractors employee whose account is supported by corporate records.

« Jim is one of the great untold stories of heroic work for the U.S. government, » said Bill Leary, a professor emeritus of history at the University of Georgia who has written about the C.I.A.’s air operations. Mr. Rhyne had a prosthetic leg – he had lost one leg to enemy antiaircraft fire in Laos – that was blamed for his death in a 2001 crash while testing a friend’s new plane at Johnston County Airport.

Mr. Rhyne had chosen the rural airfield in part because it was handy to Fort Bragg and many Special Forces veterans, and in part because it had no tower from which Aero’s operations could be spied on, a former pilot said.

« Sometimes a plane would go in the hangar with one tail number and come out in the middle of the night with another, » said the former pilot. He asked not to be identified because when he was hired, after responding to a newspaper advertisement seeking pilots for the C.I.A., he signed a secrecy agreement.

While flying for Aero in the 1980’s and 1990’s, the pilot said, he ferried King Hussein, Jordan’s late ruler, around the United States; kept American-backed rebels like Jonas Savimbi of Angola supplied with guns and food; hopped across the jungles of Colombia to fight the drug trade; and retrieved shoulder-fired Stinger missiles and other weapons from former Soviet republics in Central Asia.

Ferrying Terrorism Suspects

Aero’s planes were sent to Fort Bragg to pick up Special Forces operatives for practice runs in the Uwharrie National Forest in North Carolina, dropping supplies or attempting emergency « exfiltrations » of agents, often at night, the former pilot said. He described flying with $50,000 in cash strapped to his legs to buy fuel and working under pseudonyms that changed from job to job.

He does not recall anyone using the word « rendition. » « We used to call them ‘snatches,’  » he said, recalling half a dozen cases. Sometimes the goal was to take a suspect from one country to another. At other times, the C.I.A. team rescued allies, including five men believed to have been marked by Muammar el-Qaddafi, the Libyan leader, for assassination.

Since 2001, the battle against terrorism has refocused and expanded the C.I.A.’s air operations. Aero’s staff grew to 79 from 48 from 2001 to 2004, according to Dun and Bradstreet.

Despite the difficulty of determining the purpose of any single flight or who was aboard, the pattern of flights that coincide with known events is striking.

When Saddam Hussein was captured in Iraq the evening of Dec. 13, 2003, a Gulfstream V executive jet was already en route from Dulles Airport in Washington. It was joined in Baghdad the next day by the Boeing Business Jet, also flying from Washington.

Flights on this route were highly unusual, aviation records show. These were the first C.I.A. planes to file flight plans from Washington to Baghdad since the beginning of the war.

Flight logs show a C.I.A. plane left Dulles within 48 hours of the capture of several Al Qaeda leaders, flying to airports near the place of arrest. They included Abu Zubaida, a close aide to Osama bin Laden, captured on March 28, 2002; Ramzi bin al-Shibh, who helped plan 9/11 from Hamburg, Germany, on Sept. 10, 2002; Abd al-Rahim al-Nashri, the Qaeda operational chief in the Persian Gulf region, on Nov. 8, 2002; and Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, the architect of 9/11, on March 1, 2003.

A jet also arrived in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from Dulles on May 31, 2003, after the killing in Saudi Arabia of Yusuf Bin-Salih al-Ayiri, a propagandist and former close associate of Mr. bin Laden, and the capture of Mr. Ayiri’s deputy, Abdullah al-Shabrani.

Flight records sometimes lend support to otherwise unsubstantiated reports. Omar Deghayes, a Libyan-born prisoner in the American detention center at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, has said through his lawyer that four Libyan intelligence service officers appeared in September in an interrogation cell.

Aviation records cannot corroborate his claim that the men questioned him and threatened his life. But they do show that a Gulfstream V registered to one of the C.I.A. shell companies flew from Tripoli, Libya, to Guantánamo on Sept. 8, the day before Mr. Deghayes reported first meeting the Libyan agents. The plane stopped in Jamaica and at Dulles before returning to the Johnston County Airport, flight records show.

The same Gulfstream has been linked – through witness accounts, government inquiries and news reports – to prisoner renditions from Sweden, Pakistan, Indonesia and Gambia.

Most recently, flight records show the Boeing Business Jet traveling from Sudan to Baltimore-Washington International Airport on April 17, and returning to Sudan on April 22. The trip coincides with a visit of the Sudanese intelligence chief to Washington that was reported April 30 by The Los Angeles Times.

Mysterious Companies

As the C.I.A. tries to veil such air operations, aviation regulations pose a major obstacle. Planes must have visible tail numbers, and their ownership can be easily checked by entering the number into the Federal Aviation Administration’s online registry.

So, rather than purchase aircraft outright, the C.I.A. uses shell companies whose names appear unremarkable in casual checks of F.A.A. registrations.

On closer examination, however, it becomes clear that those companies appear to have no premises, only post office boxes or addresses in care of lawyers’ offices. Their officers and directors, listed in state corporate databases, seem to have been invented. A search of public records for ordinary identifying information about the officers – addresses, phone numbers, house purchases, and so on – comes up with only post office boxes in Virginia, Maryland and Washington, D.C.

But whoever created the companies used some of the same post office box addresses and the same apparently fictitious officers for two or more of the companies. One of those seeming ghost executives, Philip P. Quincannon, for instance, is listed as an officer of Premier Executive Transport Services and Crowell Aviation Technologies, both listed to the same Massachusetts address, as well as Stevens Express Leasing in Tennessee.

No one by that name can be found in any public record other than post office boxes in Washington and Dunn Loring, Va. Those listings for Mr. Quincannon, in commercial databases, include an anomaly: His Social Security number was issued in Washington between 1993 and 1995, but his birth year is listed as 1949.

Mr. Glerum, the C.I.A. and Air America veteran, said the use of one such name on more than one company was « bad tradecraft: you shouldn’t allow an element of one entity to lead to others. »

He said one method used in setting up past C.I.A. proprietaries was to ask real people to volunteer to serve as officers or directors. « It was very, very easy to find patriotic Americans who were willing to help, » he said.

Such an approach may have been used with Aero Contractors. William J. Rogers, 84, of Maine, said he was asked to serve on the Aero board in the 1980’s because he was a former Navy pilot and past national commander of the American Legion. He knew the company did government work, but not much more, he said. « We used to meet once or twice a year, » he said.

Aero’s president, according to corporate records, is Norman Richardson, a North Carolina businessman who once ran a truck stop restaurant called Stormin’ Norman’s. Asked about his role with Aero, Mr. Richardson said only: « Most of the work we do is for the government. It’s on the basis that we can’t say anything about it. »

Secrecy Is Difficult

Aero’s much-larger ancestor, Air America, was closed down in 1976 just as the United States Senate’s Church Committee issued a mixed report on the value of the C.I.A.’s use of proprietary companies. The committee questioned whether the nation would ever again be involved in covert wars. One comment appears prescient.

When one C.I.A. official told the committee that a new air proprietary should be created only if « we have a chance at keeping it secret that it is C.I.A., » Lawrence R. Houston, then agency’s general counsel, objected.

In the aviation industry, said Mr. Houston, who died in 1995, « everybody knows what everybody is doing, and something new coming along is immediately the focus of a thousand eyes and prying questions. »

He concluded: « I don’t think you can do a real cover operation. »

Ford Fessenden contributed reporting for this article.

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/31/national/31planes.html?pagewanted=all

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Stare Kiejkuty : le « Guantanamo polonais »

[article de Laurent Glauzy en exclusivité pour Contre-info]

La promesse du président américain Barack Obama de fermer d’ici un an la prison de Guantanamo et de mettre fin à l’usage de la torture dans les interrogatoires anti-terroristes, pourrait éclabousser la Pologne. Der Spiegel du 27/4/09 apporte de nouvelles révélations sur une prison secrète tenue par la CIA dans cet ancien pays satellite de l’union soviétique.

lire: POLOGNE: Stare Kiejkuty : le « Guantanamo polonais ».

http://www.contre-info.com/stare-kiejkuty-le-guantanamo-polonais#

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A recent revelation by Polish officials has brought to light that the CIA operated a secret prison (black site) in a remote part of Poland where detainees were subjected to torture.

 The former head of Poland’s intelligence service secret, Zbigniew Siemiatkowski, has been charged with taking part in establishing a secret prison for the CIA in a remote part of the country. Torture is against the law in all European countries including Poland and if it can be proved that Poland did allow torture to take place the matter could be taken before the European Court of Human Rights where the prosecution of Polish and American agents is a distinct possibility. “We can think about Polish intelligence officers who most probably somehow collaborated with the CIA in establishing this site. We can think about the CIA officers, because if they made it [tortures] in the territory of Poland – it is a crime,” according to human rights lawyer and head of the legal division at the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights Dr Adam Bodnar. Lithuania was the first country in Europe to admit it had allowed the CIA to establish two secret detention facilities in there in 2002-2006. In November 2011, Lithuania faced a lawsuit for hosting a secret CIA prison on its soil when Abu Zubaydah, a prisoner at Guantanamo Bay, claimed he was detained and tortured there. Since then it has been revealed that several other countries allowed the CIA carte blanchetooperateblack sites ontheirsoil inorderto torturedetainees.
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OK, Fine.


TYT video.

The Senate Intelligence Committee torture report contains evidence of many brutalities.

According to the New York Times, the report released by the Senate Intelligence Committee on Tuesday found that the Central Intelligence Agency’s methods were more brutal than the C.I.A. acknowledged either to Bush administration officials or to the public.

Should those who were in power be prosecuted?

Voir l’article original

Le politicien tessinois et rapporteur du Conseil de l’Europe épingle la Roumanie et la Pologne. La CIA y a géré des prisons secrètes avec l’aval des gouvernements.

Le sénateur accuse par ailleurs l’Allemagne et l’Italie d’avoir fait obstruction à son enquête. Tous les pays rejettent les accusations.

Dans son second rapport sur les détentions secrètes de la CIA en Europe publié vendredi, Dick Marty révèle que la CIA a géré des prisons secrètes en Pologne et en Roumanie de 2003 à 2005 pour interroger des détenus dans le cadre de la guerre contre le terrorisme menée par les Etats-Unis.

Ces deux pays ont accueilli des prisons secrètes dans le cadre d’un programme de la CIA visant à «tuer, capturer ou détenir» des suspects de terrorisme importants, estime le sénateur radical (PRD, droite) tessinois qui a enquêté sur l’implication éventuelle des pays membres du Conseil de l’Europe.
Allemagne et Italie dans le collimateur

«Ces centres de détention ont bel et bien existé en Pologne et en Roumanie, et nous ne pouvons pas exclure que des détenus clandestins aient séjourné dans d’autres pays européens», a-t-il précisé depuis Paris.

Le sénateur accuse par ailleurs l’Allemagne et l’Italie d’avoir fait obstruction à son enquête.

La publication de son deuxième rapport sur ce dossier intervient alors que six organisations de défense des droits de l’Homme ont jeudi publié les noms de 39 suspects de terrorisme qui seraient encore détenus secrètement par les autorités américaines.

Citant des sources anonymes de la CIA, le rapport affirme qu’Abou Zoubaydah, intermédiaire présumé entre Oussama ben Laden et des cellules d’Al-Qaïda, et Khalid Cheikh Mohammed, cerveau présumé des attentats du 11-Septembre, ont été secrètement détenus et interrogés en Pologne.

Les opérations ont été rendues possibles notamment par un accord secret conclu le 4 octobre 2001 entre Washington et ses alliés de l’OTAN, permettant à la CIA d’enlever et d’incarcérer des personnes soupçonnées de terrorisme en Europe, ainsi que des accords bilatéraux secrets avec les pays concernés.
Accusations rejetées

Jerzy Szmajdzinski, ancien ministre polonais de la Défense entre 2001-2005, a rejeté ces accusations. «Je ne m’occupe pas de politique-fiction», a-t-il déclaré.

Le sénateur roumain Norica Nicolaï, qui a dirigé une enquête pour le Parlement roumain sur les allégations, juge pour sa part les accusations «totalement infondées» .

Même son de cloche du côté de l’Agence centrale américaine du renseignement (CIA), dont le porte-parole Paul Gimigliano a déclaré: «Je n’ai pas encore vu le rapport. Mais l’Europe est à l’origine d’allégations grossièrement inexactes sur la CIA et la lutte contre le terrorisme».

En Allemagne, le porte-parole du gouvernement, Thomas Steg, a récusé les accusations selon lesquelles Berlin aurait entravé l’enquête.
Des vols secrets

Selon le rapport, «les plus hautes autorités de l’Etat» dans les pays européens concernés «étaient au courant des activités illégales de la CIA sur leur territoire». La collaboration d’alliés de Washington était essentielle pour le programme de détention secrète de la CIA qui s’est déroulé dans le cadre de la politique de sécurité de l’OTAN.

Les preuves de vols secrets montrent le rôle crucial joué par la Pologne et la Roumanie comme points de débarquement de suspects de terrorisme, selon Dick Marty.

D’après lui, des «détenus de grande importance» ont été emprisonnés en Pologne sur la base de Stare Kiejkuty, et les Américains avaient le contrôle total des détenus.

Dans un entretien au «Figaro», Dick Marty explique qu’avec les prisons secrètes, «les Etats-Unis ont voulu imposer une guerre sans règles contre le terrorisme», qui a «débouché sur un désastre».

«La sous-traitance instaurée dans nos pays témoigne d’un manque de respect vis-à-vis des partenaires européens», conclut l’ancien procureur.

swissinfo et les agences

http://www.swissinfo.ch/fre/prisons-de-la-cia–nouveau-rapport-accablant-de-dick-marty/5939446

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