Archives de la catégorie ‘Pentagone’

le monde à l'ENVERS

TORTURES USA 6

Parmi de nombreuses atrocités, le rapport sur la Torture rendu public par le Sénat US révèle que les motivations de certains agents de la CIA zélés étaient surtout financières… 

Voir l’article original 584 mots de plus

Le blog A Lupus un regard hagard sur Lécocomics et ses finances

Dianne Feinstein: « Les actions de la CIA, une tache sur les valeurs et l’histoire de l’Amérique »

Dianne Feinstein, la présidente de la Commission du renseignement du Sénat, a résisté à d’énormes pressions visant à l’empêcher de publier son rapport sur les tortures pratiquées par la CIA

http://wikileaksactu.wordpress.com/2014/12/11/dianne-feinstein-les-actions-de-la-cia-une-tache-sur-les-valeurs-et-lhistoire-de-lamerique/

L’accablant exposé que Dianne Feinstein a présenté mardi devant le Congrès sur la torture pratiquée par la Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) dans la lutte contre le terrorisme en fait partie. Le visage grave, vêtue d’un ensemble bleu-violet, la sénatrice démocrate de Californie n’avait pas de trémolo dans la voix pour dénoncer devant tout le pays la brutalité des techniques d’interrogatoire musclé utilisées par la CIA à partir de 2002. Elle a courageusement martelé que les Etats-Unis ne pouvaient pas bafouer leurs propres principes fondateurs pour faire parler des…

Voir l’article original 2 414 mots de plus

histoireetsociete

Dans une mise en scène digne d’un blogbuster hollywoodien, les Etats Unis viennent de rendre public un ersatz vidé de sa substance du rapport d’enquête de 6700 pages du Sénat américain sur les pratiques de torture utilisées par la CIA dans le cadre de ce qu’il est convenu d’appelé les pratiques d’interrogatoire élargies. Privation de sommeil, noyade, coups …
Autrement dit comment les attentats du 11 septembre ont pu servir d’excuse pour lancer un programme d’Etat de recours systématique à la torture et de violation de tous les droits liés à la personne humaine sous couvert de lutte contre le terrorisme.
Autrement dit, par le Patriot  Act, qui est censé couvrir légalement ces pratiques, comment les Etats Unis sont devenus un Etat terroriste, dont le régime devrait, en tant que tel, être jugé par une Cour internationale. Les responsables, à savoir les Présidents concernés, les ministres de la…

Voir l’article original 1 008 mots de plus

Image à la Une

CIA Flights in Europe: The Hunt for Hercules N8183J

By Georg Mascolo, and Holger Stark

A bitter debate over torture has erupted in Europe. Washington is believed to have used EU countries as transit points for moving terrorism suspects to clandestine locations where they may have been tortured. The Council of Europe and other organizations are now demanding answers — from the US and European countries who looked the other way.

A solitary confinement cage at Iraq's notorious Abu Ghraib prison.AP
A solitary confinement cage at Iraq’s notorious Abu Ghraib prison.

Dick Marty, a liberal-minded Swiss citizen with a gray beard, glasses and a high forehead, knows what it’s like to face a powerful opponent. As a prosecutor, he once successfully prosecuted the Mafia. His current adversary is just as intimidating and perhaps even more secretive than the Mafia. It’s the United States Central Intelligence Agency, which, in an effort to back the White House, has responded to the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks by kidnapping terrorism suspects and presumably abusing them in secret prisons. Now the Council of Europe has hired Marty to find out which European countries may have helped the US agents achieve their objectives.Last Friday, the Swiss prosecutor made it clear that he has no compunctions about picking a fight with the world’s sole remaining superpower. A self-confident Marty filed a request with the European Union’s satellite center in Torrejón, Spain for satellite photographs from the past three years. He hopes to use the images to determine whether the alleged secret prisons did in fact exist, in countries like Poland and Romania. He also contacted the European aviation authority, Eurocontrol, asking for data on the flight movements of 31 aircraft suspected of having served as CIA shuttles for the transport of prisoners or abducted terrorism suspects.

Marty’s mission touches on a hot-button issue — and it’s the first serious attempt to investigate and expose an arbitrary system Washington has allegedly used as one of its most effective weapons in combating terrorism. The US agents have used torture-like methods that many experts believe violate international law to extract statements from suspected members of al-Qaida. Until now, Washington’s European allies have consistently looked the other way when it came to this notorious aspect of the worldwide counterterrorism effort.

A regular CIA gulag appears to have been created in recent years, with many prisoners kept in Morocco, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and various central Asian nations, places where the CIA was given access to the prisoners at all times. Alvaro Gil-Robles, Commissioner for Human Rights at the Council of Europe, also claims to have seen a suspicious-looking prison camp at Camp Bondsteel, an American base in Kosovo.

But the highest-ranking al-Qaida members are apparently kept moving with a small group of CIA interrogation experts, like an invisible caravan, from one of the so-called black sites to another. Outrage over claims that some of these secret prisons may be located at former military bases in Eastern Europe triggered the Council of Europe’s investigation.

Turning a blind eye to human rights violations?

In the past, the Europeans turned a blind eye to the Americans’ human rights violations. After all, Islamist terror was considered more dangerous and, more importantly, was being committed by a common enemy. But now European politicians have had enough.

Marty secretly hopes for trans-Atlantic cooperation, and he may well get it. A heated debate has broken out in the United States over whether the West’s leading power can resort to torture when it believes its national security is under threat. The Bush administration’s draconian methods have met with sharp resistance in the US Senate. US President George W. Bush, for his part, has threatened to veto an amendment that would require the CIA — like any other US government agency — to use only methods allowed under international law to extract information from its prisoners. Vice President Dick Cheney’s vehement efforts to obstruct the amendment even prompted former CIA Director Stansfield Turner to angrily label Cheney a « vice president for torture. »

Another amendment the US Congress recently approved would give the US government 60 days to present a detailed report on the secret CIA prisons, or black sites. Specifically, Congress wants information on both the locations of these sites and all the interrogation methods allegedly used there. In other words, it appears that the US Congress and Swiss prosecutor Marty are both urgently seeking the same information.

The Council of Europe’s investigator already submitted a discreet request to the office of Democratic Senator John Kerry, who proposed the amendment, asking for information on the outcome of the report. Meanwhile, however, Marty can at least look forward to receiving informal help. In light of the heated debate over torture in Washington, the prospects of keeping the highly confidential report under wraps are slim.

The White House is increasingly coming under fire, especially in light of the difficulties Bush is having in convincing his fellow Americans that he is, in fact, winning the global war against terrorism. Indeed, every attempt on the part of the administration to suppress the revolt in the Senate against White House-sanctioned interrogation practices has so far failed.

The US does not engage in torture, but rather « unique and innovative » methods of prisoner interrogation, explains CIA Director Porter Goss. But what these methods entail has since become public knowledge. Under the policy, blows to the face and the abdomen are allowed, as is the apparently routine practice of forcing prisoners to stand for 40-hour periods in ice-cold cells while periodically spraying them with cold water. In an especially repugnant practice known as waterboarding, the prisoner is made to believe that he is drowning. « We must never simply fight evil with evil, » says Republican Senator John McCain, himself a torture victim during the Vietnam War. « It will kill us. »

European governments in the hot seat

The investigations in Europe are also acquiring a new sense of urgency, prompted by an official investigation request filed by the Council of Europe, which arrived in European capitals last Tuesday and has made officials nervous in several member states, including Germany. In a questionnaire accompanying the request, Terry Davis, the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, asks for information on the « activities of foreign services » on German soil and demands an investigation into the possible abduction of suspected al-Qaida activists. The request also includes questions about prisoner « transport by air. »

Graphic: Suspected CIA terror flights in Europe
DER SPIEGEL

Graphic: Suspected CIA terror flights in Europe

The German government will have some explaining to do, especially when it comes to charges that the German authorities turned a blind eye to the Americans having used their military base in Frankfurt am Main, which was just closed in October, Berlin’s Schönefeld Airport and the US military base in Ramstein essentially as European transfer stations for their secret prisoner transports.British journalist Stephen Grey, who claims to have a list of the flight movements of CIA aircraft, says he has discovered 210 suspicious flights in England alone. In January 2003, the Austrian air force even sent up two fighter jets to check on a suspicious Hercules flying under registration number N8183J. An investigation later revealed that the plane had taken off from the Rhine-Main Airbase in Frankfurt and was operated by Tepper Aviation, which is considered a CIA front company.

The German government has long been unofficially aware of such episodes. But it too has no knowledge of what or who was actually being transported on the aircraft. Nevertheless, Berlin has yet to follow the lead of the Danish government, which insisted that the Pentagon discontinue flights in Danish airspace that are « incompatible with international conventions. »

The Council of Europe also wants to know how the German government intends to ensure that such activities on the part of « foreign agencies » are monitored in the future — and « to what extent domestic law provides for a suitable response to such violations of the law, » especially when they relate to the « curtailment of liberty by foreign agencies. »

In short, the Council of Europe wants to know what European governments intend to do about CIA agents being allowed to fly their prisoners across Europe with impunity. The Germans won’t be the only ones with some explaining to do by Feb. 21, the deadline for all member states to return the questionnaire. The truth is that hardly any US ally in Europe has sufficiently met its obligation to comply with the requirements of the European Convention on Human Rights, which prohibits any form of torture.

In Germany, there is at least one documented case of the CIA abducting Khaled el-Masri, from the southern city of Neu-Ulm. The story of Masri, who was abducted in Macedonia in late 2003 and flown to Afghanistan in January 2004, is one of the first cases to expose the secret CIA program.

Masri, who has had a German passport for the past decade, was interrogated for months in a prison in Afghanistan, where he was likely tortured and, after no evidence was found to incriminate him, was secretly flown back to Europe in late May 2004. The case has drawn the attention of both the German and the Spanish authorities, because the aircraft used to transport Masri, a Boeing 737 with registration number N313P, was owned by a company with ties to the CIA and made a stop on the Spanish island of Mallorca.

The German government must have known about the allegations by no later than June 2004, when Masri’s attorney, Manfred Gnjidic wrote to then Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer and the Federal Chancellery. The authorities reacted as they often do in embarrassing situations, using behind-the-scenes diplomacy in an attempt to make the problem go away.

At first, agents with Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (BND), sent a discreet inquiry to their US counterparts with whom they normally enjoy a close working relationship. The reply was succinct: it was a mistake, the kind that happens now and then.

Then, in Feb. 2005, then Interior Minister Otto Schily flew to Washington and met with CIA Director Goss. Schily demanded an explanation and an assurance that the abductions would cease. But this time Schily, otherwise known for his good relationship with the Bush administration, came away more or less empty-handed.

In a similar case, the Italian Justice Ministry has attempted to exert pressure on its own judiciary. Justice Minister Roberto Castelli publicly chastised a Milan public prosecutor who caused trouble for Castelli by filing an extradition request for 22 CIA agents. Prosecutor Armando Spataro said that in February 2003 the US agents kidnapped Imam Abu Omar in broad daylight in Milan, placed him on a Lear jet operated by CIA airline Tepper Aviation, and sent him to Egypt via the US airbase in Ramstein, Germany. If Castelli sends the extradition request to Washington, the move will anger the Bush administration. But if he refuses, he’ll irritate many Italians. To avert either outcome, Castelli first plans to meticulously examine the prosecutor’s petition for signs of « leftist anti-Americanism. »

Two Eastern European countries are coming under even more pressure than Germany or Italy: Poland and Romania, both countries that apparently served as temporary destinations for the CIA’s secret al-Qaida transports. Insiders in Washington claim that the two countries also contained secret black sites.

The issue is especially worrisome to the Romanians. If investigator Marty, currently making inquiries in Bucharest, finds evidence of the existence of a secret US prison, the country’s planned accession to the EU in 2007 could be in jeopardy. But all other Europeans who, despite not having actively supported the prisoner transports, looked the other way for too long will hardly be able to avoid coming clean. « If it becomes apparent that flying torture chambers are circling over Europe, » threatens Martin Schulz, Social Democratic group leader in the European Parliament, « there will be no getting around an official inquiry. »

Translated from the German by Christopher Sultan

Correction Appended: A correction has been made to this text. Through a translation error, SPIEGEL Online incorrectly stated that Khaled el-Masri was abducted by the CIA in the German city of Neu-Ulm. In fact, he was abducted in Macedonia.

000000000000000000000000000000000

Sunday, December 23, 2007

 

 Activists link jets to secret missions

 By Kevin Maurer, Staff writer

The silver Gulfstream jet was barely visible as it descended out of the clouds over Fayetteville.
Chuck Fager stood under a tree in the gravel parking lot near the runway, trying to stay cool in the sweltering August heat. When he saw the dart-shaped plane with its swept wings, he raced to the fence. Clutching a small point-and-shoot digital camera, he started to snap pictures of the plane and its tail number — N475LC — as it taxied to the Centurion Aviation Services terminal at Fayetteville Regional Airport.
The plane was returning from Crestview, Fla., near Eglin Air Force Base and Hurlburt Field, home of Air Force special operations forces, according to flight records.
Fager is director of Fayetteville’s Quaker House and an anti-war activist. He is also part of a network of plane-spotters who are trying to shed light on a covert program known as extraordinary rendition.
Extraordinary rendition is a CIA practice of capturing and transporting suspected terrorists for interrogation in countries that have lax rules on questioning suspects.
The program reportedly began under President Clinton, but under the Bush administration the flights are alleged to have increased dramatically.
The Supreme Court has ruled that the practice is permissible, according to The Associated Press.

NC Stop Torture

Now and other anti-war groups have joined forces to track planes by tail numbers and build extensive online databases of flight plans and owners. Fager was at Fayetteville Regional Airport shooting pictures of the Centurion jet because the network believes the company is supporting the CIA rendition program.
« We believe that Centurion is part of what we call the torture-industrial complex, » Fager said.
     But company officials say Fayetteville-based Centurion Aviation Services is just a private flight service that supports L3 Communications, the sixth-largest defense contractor in the world, which has operations in Fayetteville.
     « Centurion has been falsely implicated on several occasions regarding rendition or associated flights, » P.J. Wachtler, president of the company, said in an e-mail. « It appears to me that the basis for the misinformation in these articles stems directly from plane-spotter and conspiracy blog sites. It’s these types of sites and open speculation that put my crews and aircraft directly at risk. »
     A message posted on an Arabic Web forum called on Muslims to destroy all American Gulfstream and Learjets, according to an April 2006 Transportation Security Administration warning provided by Wachtler.
     Centurion came to the attention of Fager and other plane-spotters this summer when the company was linked in the news and in parliamentary reports in Europe to rendition flights.
     NC Stop Torture Now has focused most of its attention on Aero Contractors, a private company in Johnston County also linked in media reports to the rendition program.
     Germany indicted 13 Americans earlier this year, including pilots for Aero, in the 2004 kidnapping, detention and transport of Khaled El-Masri, a German citizen of Lebanese descent.
     El-Masri alleges that a CIA black snatch team picked him up, and he was beaten, stripped naked and drugged.
     The snatch team flew him to Afghanistan, where he was held for months before finally being released. El-Masri sued the CIA, but the case was dismissed.
     « It is un-American, » Fager said of the rendition program. « You don’t treat children of God this way. Americans don’t treat people this way. »
     While Aero Contractors has received significant attention for alleged ties to rendition, Centurion has stayed mostly out of the public eye.
     A source familiar with special operations aviation says that’s not surprising because Centurion has no connection to any rendition flights.
     « Anybody that would try and claim otherwise is smoking crack, » said the source.
     The source said the company is a taxi service. Its two Gulfstream IV jets — the model of the plane spotted by Fager — cost close to $40 million each and are a favorite of executives because of their comfortable cabin and long range. The jet’s maximum range is about 5,000 nautical miles.
     Trevor Paglen, author of « Torture Taxi: On the Trail of the CIA’s Rendition Flights, » thinks that Centurion is likely the Joint Special Operations Command’s private airline. The command oversees the secretive counterterrorist forces of the Army, Navy and Air Force.
     Ken McGraw, a spokesman for the U.S. Special Operations Command at Tampa, Fla., said the aircraft do not belong to U.S. Special Operations Command or its components.
     « Centurion will have to provide the information about who their customers are, » he said.
     Paglen points out that Centurion is authorized to land at military bases to refuel.
     Wachtler said in an e-mail that L-3 Communications owns the jets. As a defense contractor, the company needs access to military bases.
     « As such, Centurion applied for and received its civil landing permit by the (Defense Department) to land at military bases. This is not an unusual process for aviation companies, » he said.
     Centurion has 22 employees, Wachtler said, and has been operating since 2002.

     Flight routes

     He would not comment on the company’s normal missions or frequent flight routes.
     « We are obliged to protect the privacy of our clients with regards to the nature of their business, » he said.
     One of Centurion’s Gulfstream IVs — tail number N478GS — has landed at Guantanamo Bay at least four times and was seen in Cyprus, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Qatar, according to Eurocontrol — the European counterpart to the FAA.
     Fager said the planes leaving Fayetteville usually fly to Bangor, Maine, then on to Shannon Airport in Ireland and then disappear before coming back the same way.
     The flight in August originated in Crestview, Fla., which is home to Tepper Aviation Inc., Fager said.
      According to Sourcewatch.org, (www.sourcewatch.org ) Tepper had a long association with the CIA in the 1980s and 1990s, including flying weapons into Angola to arm rebels.
      SourceWatch is a directory of people and organizations created by the Center for Media and Democracy.
      Wachtler said Centurion has also never dealt with Tepper Aviation, an assertion confirmed by Tepper Aviation officials. Wachtler said the plane in August was carrying five L-3 Communication passengers to a meeting in Destin, Fla.
      « We had to land at Bob Sikes Airport in Crestview, Fla. since the Destin runway is too short to land our G-IV, » he said.
      According to airport officials, the runway at Destin/Fort Walton Beach Airport is long enough to accommodate a G-IV. But Wachtler said in an e-mail Friday that Centurion’s Operations Manual limits G-IV operations to runways that are at least 6,000 feet long. Destin is just under 5,000 feet long.
      Fager knows that most of the Centurion flights he and other plane-spotters have documented have not been returning from rendition missions. But he said he believes they have established that the company is connected.
     Fager said he wants a new version of the Church Committee — a Senate panel that dug into CIA activities in the 1970s. Only Congress, he said, can really shine a light on rendition and who is involved.
     « We’re not going to stop it immediately, » Fager said. « It is a long march. But we are moving toward a time when somebody with a lot more clout says let’s take a look at this. »

——————————————–

Published on Monday
December 31, 2007

 Centurion clarification

 By Chuck Fager

 Fayetteville

     I’m grateful to the Observer and reporter Kevin Maurer for opening a window onto Centurion Aviation services (« Activists link jets to secret missions, » Dec. 23), and the secret world it inhabits, which adjoins everyday life in Fayetteville like a parallel universe.
     However, one clarification is in order. The article’s subheading states that I charged Centurion was « involved in extraordinary rendition, » or kidnapping-torture flights.
     Centurion officials vehemently denied making any rendition flights. They were backed up by an unnamed source « familiar with special forces aviation, » who insisted that « anybody that would claim otherwise is smoking crack. »
     The subheading is less than precise, however, and the denials miss their mark. My actual statement in the article, cited accurately, was this:
     « We believe that Centurion is part of what we call the Torture Industrial complex. »
     What’s that?
     The Torture Industrial Complex includes a wide range of facilities and activities — it is by no means limited only to kidnap-torture « rendition » flights.
     Here are a few other parts that we know of:

     — A far-flung network of secret prisons and other « black sites, » with interrogators, guards and support staff. The Associated Press reported in 2006 that these secret sites hold as many as 14,000 prisoners in a « legal vacuum. »
     — Detailed planning and logistics programs for the sites. The ACLU has filed suit against a California travel planning company, Jeppeson Dataplan, for its part in setting up torture-related flight plans.
     — Dozens of dummy front companies scattered across the U.S. (Two at least in North Carolina; and Centurion’s planes were owned by a third.)
     — Training for « interrogators » who administer the torture, which this newspaper reported last June had « migrated » from Fort Bragg to Guantanamo, Abu Ghraib and likely other places in the secret network.
     — Psychiatrists and doctors to design, refine, monitor — and cover up among their colleagues — the « enhanced interrogation » torture techniques. Their active roles, including personnel from Fort Bragg, have been confirmed by the Army in an Inspector General’s report released last summer.
     — Lawyers and flacks to pretend that torture is legal and moral, or to argue that in any case the U.S. does not torture because if the U.S. does it, it can’t be torture. Kudos to the Observer’s editorial writers for not falling for this doublespeak.
     — Compliant media outlets (not including this paper), to ignore this expanding reality.
     — And not least, given the government-military context, there must be layers of clandestine bureaucracy as well.Thus, there are many ways for a secret outfit like Centurion to be related to the Torture Industrial Complex besides making actual kidnap-rendition flights. So the company’s denials may be technically true, but are beside the point.
      Strictly by accident, we have an instructive local example:
      Centurion’s Gulfstream N478GS flew from Bagram, Afghanistan, to Bucharest, Romania, in late 2004. We know about this flight because N478GS crash-landed at Bucharest, and crash reports were uncovered and reported by the Chicago Tribune. (For that article, click here.)
      Investigators have established the presence of secret U.S. prisons at both ends of this route. So it is not a stretch to « connect these dots » with the Torture Industrial Complex.
      Planespotters recently verified that Centurion’s N478GS is flying again, based in Fayetteville.
      Moreover, Centurion flight logs obtained by NC Stop Torture Now document that many of their flights land at one airport in England or Ireland, then drop from sight for several days, only to reappear at a different airport for a return flight to Fayetteville.
      What other secret Centurion missions are hidden in these blacked-out periods?
      That’s a good question, worth exploring further. Certainly Centurion is very busy these days. In fact, as reported in this newspaper last June, it is even expanding, planning a new hangar that will more than double the size of its Fayetteville airport facility.
      The company was already one of the largest corporate taxpayers in Fayetteville. In 2005 it ranked just below Wal-Mart, the city’s largest civilian employer, in tax payments.
     We hope reporting and investigations of the Torture Industrial Complex will continue, in these pages and elsewhere.

      And, by the way, I don’t smoke crack.

      Never have.

Chuck Fager is Director of Quaker House in Fayetteville, and is active with North Carolina Stop Torture Now.

000000000000000000000000000000000000000

cia
Published: May 31, 2005

A Casa 235 about to take off from Ruzyne Airport in Prague on a flight to Afghanistan operated by the C.I.A.-connected Aero Contractors.

Published: May 31, 2005

This article was reported by Scott Shane, Stephen Grey and Margot Williams and written by Mr. Shane.

SMITHFIELD, N.C. – The airplanes of Aero Contractors Ltd. take off from Johnston County Airport here, then disappear over the scrub pines and fields of tobacco and sweet potatoes. Nothing about the sleepy Southern setting hints of foreign intrigue. Nothing gives away the fact that Aero’s pilots are the discreet bus drivers of the battle against terrorism, routinely sent on secret missions to Baghdad, Cairo, Tashkent and Kabul.

When the Central Intelligence Agency wants to grab a suspected member of Al Qaeda overseas and deliver him to interrogators in another country, an Aero Contractors plane often does the job. If agency experts need to fly overseas in a hurry after the capture of a prized prisoner, a plane will depart Johnston County and stop at Dulles Airport outside Washington to pick up the C.I.A. team on the way.

Aero Contractors’ planes dropped C.I.A. paramilitary officers into Afghanistan in 2001; carried an American team to Karachi, Pakistan, right after the United States Consulate there was bombed in 2002; and flew from Libya to Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, the day before an American-held prisoner said he was questioned by Libyan intelligence agents last year, according to flight data and other records.

While posing as a private charter outfit – « aircraft rental with pilot » is the listing in Dun and Bradstreet – Aero Contractors is in fact a major domestic hub of the Central Intelligence Agency’s secret air service. The company was founded in 1979 by a legendary C.I.A. officer and chief pilot for Air America, the agency’s Vietnam-era air company, and it appears to be controlled by the agency, according to former employees.

Behind a surprisingly thin cover of rural hideaways, front companies and shell corporations that share officers who appear to exist only on paper, the C.I.A. has rapidly expanded its air operations since 2001 as it has pursued and questioned terrorism suspects around the world.

An analysis of thousands of flight records, aircraft registrations and corporate documents, as well as interviews with former C.I.A. officers and pilots, show that the agency owns at least 26 planes, 10 of them purchased since 2001. The agency has concealed its ownership behind a web of seven shell corporations that appear to have no employees and no function apart from owning the aircraft.

The planes, regularly supplemented by private charters, are operated by real companies controlled by or tied to the agency, including Aero Contractors and two Florida companies, Pegasus Technologies and Tepper Aviation.

The civilian planes can go places American military craft would not be welcome. They sometimes allow the agency to circumvent reporting requirements most countries impose on flights operated by other governments. But the cover can fail, as when two Austrian fighter jets were scrambled on Jan. 21, 2003, to intercept a C.I.A. Hercules transport plane, equipped with military communications, on its way from Germany to Azerbaijan.

« When the C.I.A. is given a task, it’s usually because national policy makers don’t want ‘U.S. government’ written all over it, » said Jim Glerum, a retired C.I.A. officer who spent 18 years with the agency’s Air America but says he has no knowledge of current operations. « If you’re flying an executive jet into somewhere where there are plenty of executive jets, you can look like any other company. »

Some of the C.I.A. planes have been used for carrying out renditions, the legal term for the agency’s practice of seizing terrorism suspects in one foreign country and delivering them to be detained in another, including countries that routinely engage in torture. The resulting controversy has breached the secrecy of the agency’s flights in the last two years, as plane-spotting hobbyists, activists and journalists in a dozen countries have tracked the mysterious planes’ movements.

Inquiries From Abroad

The authorities in Italy and Sweden have opened investigations into the C.I.A.’s alleged role in the seizure of suspects in those countries who were then flown to Egypt for interrogation. According to Dr. Georg Nolte, a law professor at the University of Munich, under international law, nations are obligated to investigate any substantiated human rights violations committed on their territory or using their airspace.

Dr. Nolte examined the case of Khaled el-Masri, a German citizen who American officials have confirmed was pulled from a bus on the Serbia-Macedonia border on Dec. 31, 2003, and held for three weeks. Then he was drugged and beaten, by his account, before being flown to Afghanistan.

The episode illustrates the circumstantial nature of the evidence on C.I.A. flights, which often coincide with the arrest and transporting of Al Qaeda suspects. No public record states how Mr. Masri was taken to Afghanistan. But flight data shows a Boeing Business Jet operated by Aero Contractors and owned by Premier Executive Transport Services, one of the C.I.A.-linked shell companies, flew from Skopje, Macedonia, to Baghdad and on to Kabul on Jan. 24, 2004, the day after Mr. Masri’s passport was marked with a Macedonian exit stamp.

Mr. Masri was later released by order of Condoleezza Rice, the national security adviser at the time, after his arrest was shown to be a case of mistaken identity.

A C.I.A. spokeswoman declined to comment for this article. Representatives of Aero Contractors, Tepper Aviation and Pegasus Technologies, which operate the agency planes, said they could not discuss their clients’ identities. « We’ve been doing business with the government for a long time, and one of the reasons is, we don’t talk about it, » said Robert W. Blowers, Aero’s assistant manager.

A Varied Fleet

But records filed with the Federal Aviation Administration provide a detailed, if incomplete, portrait of the agency’s aviation wing.

The fleet includes a World War II-era DC-3 and a sleek Gulfstream V executive jet, as well as workhorse Hercules transport planes and Spanish-built aircraft that can drop into tight airstrips. The flagship is the Boeing Business Jet, based on the 737 model, which Aero flies from Kinston, N.C., because the runway at Johnston County is too short for it.

Most of the shell companies that are the planes’ nominal owners hold permits to land at American military bases worldwide, a clue to their global mission. Flight records show that at least 11 of the aircraft have landed at Camp Peary, the Virginia base where the C.I.A. operates its training facility, known as « the Farm. » Several planes have also made regular trips to Guantánamo.

But the facility that turns up most often in records of the 26 planes is little Johnston County Airport, which mainly serves private pilots and a few local corporations. At one end of the 5,500-foot runway are the modest airport offices, a flight school and fuel tanks. At the other end are the hangars and offices of Aero Contractors, down a tree-lined driveway named for Charlie Day, an airplane mechanic who earned a reputation as an engine magician working on secret operations in Laos during the Vietnam War.

« To tell you the truth, I don’t know what they do, » said Ray Blackmon, the airport manager, noting that Aero has its own mechanics and fuel tanks, keeping nosey outsiders away. But he called the Aero workers « good neighbors, » always ready to lend a tool.

Son of Air America

Aero appears to be the direct descendant of Air America, a C.I.A.-operated air « proprietary, » as agency-controlled companies are called.

Just three years after the big Asian air company was closed in 1976, one of its chief pilots, Jim Rhyne, was asked to open a new air company, according to a former Aero Contractors employee whose account is supported by corporate records.

« Jim is one of the great untold stories of heroic work for the U.S. government, » said Bill Leary, a professor emeritus of history at the University of Georgia who has written about the C.I.A.’s air operations. Mr. Rhyne had a prosthetic leg – he had lost one leg to enemy antiaircraft fire in Laos – that was blamed for his death in a 2001 crash while testing a friend’s new plane at Johnston County Airport.

Mr. Rhyne had chosen the rural airfield in part because it was handy to Fort Bragg and many Special Forces veterans, and in part because it had no tower from which Aero’s operations could be spied on, a former pilot said.

« Sometimes a plane would go in the hangar with one tail number and come out in the middle of the night with another, » said the former pilot. He asked not to be identified because when he was hired, after responding to a newspaper advertisement seeking pilots for the C.I.A., he signed a secrecy agreement.

While flying for Aero in the 1980’s and 1990’s, the pilot said, he ferried King Hussein, Jordan’s late ruler, around the United States; kept American-backed rebels like Jonas Savimbi of Angola supplied with guns and food; hopped across the jungles of Colombia to fight the drug trade; and retrieved shoulder-fired Stinger missiles and other weapons from former Soviet republics in Central Asia.

Ferrying Terrorism Suspects

Aero’s planes were sent to Fort Bragg to pick up Special Forces operatives for practice runs in the Uwharrie National Forest in North Carolina, dropping supplies or attempting emergency « exfiltrations » of agents, often at night, the former pilot said. He described flying with $50,000 in cash strapped to his legs to buy fuel and working under pseudonyms that changed from job to job.

He does not recall anyone using the word « rendition. » « We used to call them ‘snatches,’  » he said, recalling half a dozen cases. Sometimes the goal was to take a suspect from one country to another. At other times, the C.I.A. team rescued allies, including five men believed to have been marked by Muammar el-Qaddafi, the Libyan leader, for assassination.

Since 2001, the battle against terrorism has refocused and expanded the C.I.A.’s air operations. Aero’s staff grew to 79 from 48 from 2001 to 2004, according to Dun and Bradstreet.

Despite the difficulty of determining the purpose of any single flight or who was aboard, the pattern of flights that coincide with known events is striking.

When Saddam Hussein was captured in Iraq the evening of Dec. 13, 2003, a Gulfstream V executive jet was already en route from Dulles Airport in Washington. It was joined in Baghdad the next day by the Boeing Business Jet, also flying from Washington.

Flights on this route were highly unusual, aviation records show. These were the first C.I.A. planes to file flight plans from Washington to Baghdad since the beginning of the war.

Flight logs show a C.I.A. plane left Dulles within 48 hours of the capture of several Al Qaeda leaders, flying to airports near the place of arrest. They included Abu Zubaida, a close aide to Osama bin Laden, captured on March 28, 2002; Ramzi bin al-Shibh, who helped plan 9/11 from Hamburg, Germany, on Sept. 10, 2002; Abd al-Rahim al-Nashri, the Qaeda operational chief in the Persian Gulf region, on Nov. 8, 2002; and Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, the architect of 9/11, on March 1, 2003.

A jet also arrived in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from Dulles on May 31, 2003, after the killing in Saudi Arabia of Yusuf Bin-Salih al-Ayiri, a propagandist and former close associate of Mr. bin Laden, and the capture of Mr. Ayiri’s deputy, Abdullah al-Shabrani.

Flight records sometimes lend support to otherwise unsubstantiated reports. Omar Deghayes, a Libyan-born prisoner in the American detention center at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, has said through his lawyer that four Libyan intelligence service officers appeared in September in an interrogation cell.

Aviation records cannot corroborate his claim that the men questioned him and threatened his life. But they do show that a Gulfstream V registered to one of the C.I.A. shell companies flew from Tripoli, Libya, to Guantánamo on Sept. 8, the day before Mr. Deghayes reported first meeting the Libyan agents. The plane stopped in Jamaica and at Dulles before returning to the Johnston County Airport, flight records show.

The same Gulfstream has been linked – through witness accounts, government inquiries and news reports – to prisoner renditions from Sweden, Pakistan, Indonesia and Gambia.

Most recently, flight records show the Boeing Business Jet traveling from Sudan to Baltimore-Washington International Airport on April 17, and returning to Sudan on April 22. The trip coincides with a visit of the Sudanese intelligence chief to Washington that was reported April 30 by The Los Angeles Times.

Mysterious Companies

As the C.I.A. tries to veil such air operations, aviation regulations pose a major obstacle. Planes must have visible tail numbers, and their ownership can be easily checked by entering the number into the Federal Aviation Administration’s online registry.

So, rather than purchase aircraft outright, the C.I.A. uses shell companies whose names appear unremarkable in casual checks of F.A.A. registrations.

On closer examination, however, it becomes clear that those companies appear to have no premises, only post office boxes or addresses in care of lawyers’ offices. Their officers and directors, listed in state corporate databases, seem to have been invented. A search of public records for ordinary identifying information about the officers – addresses, phone numbers, house purchases, and so on – comes up with only post office boxes in Virginia, Maryland and Washington, D.C.

But whoever created the companies used some of the same post office box addresses and the same apparently fictitious officers for two or more of the companies. One of those seeming ghost executives, Philip P. Quincannon, for instance, is listed as an officer of Premier Executive Transport Services and Crowell Aviation Technologies, both listed to the same Massachusetts address, as well as Stevens Express Leasing in Tennessee.

No one by that name can be found in any public record other than post office boxes in Washington and Dunn Loring, Va. Those listings for Mr. Quincannon, in commercial databases, include an anomaly: His Social Security number was issued in Washington between 1993 and 1995, but his birth year is listed as 1949.

Mr. Glerum, the C.I.A. and Air America veteran, said the use of one such name on more than one company was « bad tradecraft: you shouldn’t allow an element of one entity to lead to others. »

He said one method used in setting up past C.I.A. proprietaries was to ask real people to volunteer to serve as officers or directors. « It was very, very easy to find patriotic Americans who were willing to help, » he said.

Such an approach may have been used with Aero Contractors. William J. Rogers, 84, of Maine, said he was asked to serve on the Aero board in the 1980’s because he was a former Navy pilot and past national commander of the American Legion. He knew the company did government work, but not much more, he said. « We used to meet once or twice a year, » he said.

Aero’s president, according to corporate records, is Norman Richardson, a North Carolina businessman who once ran a truck stop restaurant called Stormin’ Norman’s. Asked about his role with Aero, Mr. Richardson said only: « Most of the work we do is for the government. It’s on the basis that we can’t say anything about it. »

Secrecy Is Difficult

Aero’s much-larger ancestor, Air America, was closed down in 1976 just as the United States Senate’s Church Committee issued a mixed report on the value of the C.I.A.’s use of proprietary companies. The committee questioned whether the nation would ever again be involved in covert wars. One comment appears prescient.

When one C.I.A. official told the committee that a new air proprietary should be created only if « we have a chance at keeping it secret that it is C.I.A., » Lawrence R. Houston, then agency’s general counsel, objected.

In the aviation industry, said Mr. Houston, who died in 1995, « everybody knows what everybody is doing, and something new coming along is immediately the focus of a thousand eyes and prying questions. »

He concluded: « I don’t think you can do a real cover operation. »

Ford Fessenden contributed reporting for this article.

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/31/national/31planes.html?pagewanted=all

0000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Stare Kiejkuty : le « Guantanamo polonais »

[article de Laurent Glauzy en exclusivité pour Contre-info]

La promesse du président américain Barack Obama de fermer d’ici un an la prison de Guantanamo et de mettre fin à l’usage de la torture dans les interrogatoires anti-terroristes, pourrait éclabousser la Pologne. Der Spiegel du 27/4/09 apporte de nouvelles révélations sur une prison secrète tenue par la CIA dans cet ancien pays satellite de l’union soviétique.

lire: POLOGNE: Stare Kiejkuty : le « Guantanamo polonais ».

http://www.contre-info.com/stare-kiejkuty-le-guantanamo-polonais#

°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°

A recent revelation by Polish officials has brought to light that the CIA operated a secret prison (black site) in a remote part of Poland where detainees were subjected to torture.

 The former head of Poland’s intelligence service secret, Zbigniew Siemiatkowski, has been charged with taking part in establishing a secret prison for the CIA in a remote part of the country. Torture is against the law in all European countries including Poland and if it can be proved that Poland did allow torture to take place the matter could be taken before the European Court of Human Rights where the prosecution of Polish and American agents is a distinct possibility. “We can think about Polish intelligence officers who most probably somehow collaborated with the CIA in establishing this site. We can think about the CIA officers, because if they made it [tortures] in the territory of Poland – it is a crime,” according to human rights lawyer and head of the legal division at the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights Dr Adam Bodnar. Lithuania was the first country in Europe to admit it had allowed the CIA to establish two secret detention facilities in there in 2002-2006. In November 2011, Lithuania faced a lawsuit for hosting a secret CIA prison on its soil when Abu Zubaydah, a prisoner at Guantanamo Bay, claimed he was detained and tortured there. Since then it has been revealed that several other countries allowed the CIA carte blanchetooperateblack sites ontheirsoil inorderto torturedetainees.
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

OK, Fine.


TYT video.

The Senate Intelligence Committee torture report contains evidence of many brutalities.

According to the New York Times, the report released by the Senate Intelligence Committee on Tuesday found that the Central Intelligence Agency’s methods were more brutal than the C.I.A. acknowledged either to Bush administration officials or to the public.

Should those who were in power be prosecuted?

Voir l’article original

Le politicien tessinois et rapporteur du Conseil de l’Europe épingle la Roumanie et la Pologne. La CIA y a géré des prisons secrètes avec l’aval des gouvernements.

Le sénateur accuse par ailleurs l’Allemagne et l’Italie d’avoir fait obstruction à son enquête. Tous les pays rejettent les accusations.

Dans son second rapport sur les détentions secrètes de la CIA en Europe publié vendredi, Dick Marty révèle que la CIA a géré des prisons secrètes en Pologne et en Roumanie de 2003 à 2005 pour interroger des détenus dans le cadre de la guerre contre le terrorisme menée par les Etats-Unis.

Ces deux pays ont accueilli des prisons secrètes dans le cadre d’un programme de la CIA visant à «tuer, capturer ou détenir» des suspects de terrorisme importants, estime le sénateur radical (PRD, droite) tessinois qui a enquêté sur l’implication éventuelle des pays membres du Conseil de l’Europe.
Allemagne et Italie dans le collimateur

«Ces centres de détention ont bel et bien existé en Pologne et en Roumanie, et nous ne pouvons pas exclure que des détenus clandestins aient séjourné dans d’autres pays européens», a-t-il précisé depuis Paris.

Le sénateur accuse par ailleurs l’Allemagne et l’Italie d’avoir fait obstruction à son enquête.

La publication de son deuxième rapport sur ce dossier intervient alors que six organisations de défense des droits de l’Homme ont jeudi publié les noms de 39 suspects de terrorisme qui seraient encore détenus secrètement par les autorités américaines.

Citant des sources anonymes de la CIA, le rapport affirme qu’Abou Zoubaydah, intermédiaire présumé entre Oussama ben Laden et des cellules d’Al-Qaïda, et Khalid Cheikh Mohammed, cerveau présumé des attentats du 11-Septembre, ont été secrètement détenus et interrogés en Pologne.

Les opérations ont été rendues possibles notamment par un accord secret conclu le 4 octobre 2001 entre Washington et ses alliés de l’OTAN, permettant à la CIA d’enlever et d’incarcérer des personnes soupçonnées de terrorisme en Europe, ainsi que des accords bilatéraux secrets avec les pays concernés.
Accusations rejetées

Jerzy Szmajdzinski, ancien ministre polonais de la Défense entre 2001-2005, a rejeté ces accusations. «Je ne m’occupe pas de politique-fiction», a-t-il déclaré.

Le sénateur roumain Norica Nicolaï, qui a dirigé une enquête pour le Parlement roumain sur les allégations, juge pour sa part les accusations «totalement infondées» .

Même son de cloche du côté de l’Agence centrale américaine du renseignement (CIA), dont le porte-parole Paul Gimigliano a déclaré: «Je n’ai pas encore vu le rapport. Mais l’Europe est à l’origine d’allégations grossièrement inexactes sur la CIA et la lutte contre le terrorisme».

En Allemagne, le porte-parole du gouvernement, Thomas Steg, a récusé les accusations selon lesquelles Berlin aurait entravé l’enquête.
Des vols secrets

Selon le rapport, «les plus hautes autorités de l’Etat» dans les pays européens concernés «étaient au courant des activités illégales de la CIA sur leur territoire». La collaboration d’alliés de Washington était essentielle pour le programme de détention secrète de la CIA qui s’est déroulé dans le cadre de la politique de sécurité de l’OTAN.

Les preuves de vols secrets montrent le rôle crucial joué par la Pologne et la Roumanie comme points de débarquement de suspects de terrorisme, selon Dick Marty.

D’après lui, des «détenus de grande importance» ont été emprisonnés en Pologne sur la base de Stare Kiejkuty, et les Américains avaient le contrôle total des détenus.

Dans un entretien au «Figaro», Dick Marty explique qu’avec les prisons secrètes, «les Etats-Unis ont voulu imposer une guerre sans règles contre le terrorisme», qui a «débouché sur un désastre».

«La sous-traitance instaurée dans nos pays témoigne d’un manque de respect vis-à-vis des partenaires européens», conclut l’ancien procureur.

swissinfo et les agences

http://www.swissinfo.ch/fre/prisons-de-la-cia–nouveau-rapport-accablant-de-dick-marty/5939446

000000000000000000000000000

La prison secrète de la CIA au cœur de Bucarest

AP/SIPA

Ven, 09/12/2011 – 18:20

Par Frédéric Therin (Munich)

D’anciens agents ont révélé l’emplacement d’une prison secrète utilisée par la CIA pour interroger et torturer des individus suspectés d’appartenir à Al Qaida: au cœur de Bucarest, en Roumanie. Le cerveau des attentats du 11 septembre y aurait été détenu.

Nom de code « Bright Light » – « Lumière crue ». Un choix judicieux pour nommer la prison secrète utilisée par la CIA en Roumanie. D’anciens agents des services américains, rencontrés par des médias allemands et l’agence de presse AP, ont localisé le site au numéro 4 de la rue Mures, dans le nord-ouest de Bucarest.

Une adresse loin d’être perdue au milieu de nulle part et de toutes oreilles indiscrètes comme en Pologne et en Lituanie, deux autres « bases arrières » américaines, mais en plein cœur d’un quartier résidentiel et à deux pas de nombreuses voies ferrés.

Les geôles se trouvaient dans les locaux de l’ORNISS, l’Office du Registre National pour les Informations Secrètes d’État, un organisme public où étaient stockées des informations confidentielles de l’OTAN et de l’Union européenne.

http://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/AADf-8h04ng?rel=0

AP rappelle que la prison roumaine faisait partie d’un réseau de soi-disant « sites noirs » que la CIA aurait géré et contrôlé à l’étranger, en Thaïlande, en Lituanie et en Pologne. Toutes ces prisons ont été fermées en mai 2006, et la  le programme de détention de la CIA a pris fin en 2009.

En 2006, l’ex-président Georges W. Bush avait du admettre que des suspects de terrorisme ont été « interrogés » par la CIA dans des centres basés hors des Etats-Unis – mais sans révéler leur localisation. L’année suivante, un rapport du Conseil de l’Europe accusait la Roumanie d’avoir accueilli une telle prison. Des accusations aussitôt démenties par la CIA que les autorités roumaines.

Ces dernières nient aujourd’hui encore avoir abrité des agents des services secrets américains.

 

Privés de sommeil

Le site de Bucarest aurait été ouvert à la fin de l’année 2003 et utilisé jusqu’en 2006, si l’on en croit les informations révélées par le quotidien munichois Süddeutsche Zeitung et la chaîne de télévision publique allemande ARD.

Il consistait en six cellules préfabriquées disposant d’une horloge et d’une flèche pointant vers la Mecque, décrivent les reporters d’AP. Les cellules étaient monté sur des ressorts, provoquant un léger déséquilibre et une désorientation chez certains détenus. Selon certains anciens employés de la CIA, parlant sous le couvert de l’anonymat, les détenus, au cours de leur premier mois de détention, ont pu être privé de sommeil et de nourriture.

Ils ont également été arrosé, giflé ou forcé à rester debout dans des positions douloureuses. Les détenus interrogés n’ont toutefois pas subi la torture par l’eau consistant en une simulation de noyade (waterboarding).

Après les premiers interrogatoires, les détenus étaient traités avec soin, selon les responsables. Les prisonniers ont reçu des soins dentaires et des examens médicaux. La CIA s’approvisionnait en nourriture halal depuis Francfort, le centre de l’agence pour les opérations en Europe. La viande halal est préparée selon les règles religieuses.

rapporte encore Associated Press.

Des dirigeants d’Al-Qaïda détenus à Bucarest
Khaled Cheikh Mohammed, l’homme, qui a  proposé dès 1999 l’idée des attentats du 11 septembre à Oussama BenLaden, aurait été un des « visiteurs menottés » de cette prison. Arrêté au Pakistan en 2003, il est en détention à Guantanamo depuis 2006. Il aurait été, d’après la presse américaine, torturé dans une prison secrète en Pologne. Selon ARD, Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, arrêté en 2002 aux Emirats arabes unis, a également été détenu dans la prison secrète de Bucarest. Présumé chef des opérations d’Al-Qaïda dans le Golfe persique, il aurait notamment préparé l’attaque du destroyer américain USS Cole en 2000 qui fit 17 morts ainsi que l’attentat contre le pétrolier français Limburg deux ans plus tard.

Les révélations de la presse allemande sur la prison secrète de la CIA ont déclenché une réaction immédiate d’Amnesty International. Nicola Duckworth, directeur pour l’Europe et l’Asie centrale de l’organisation de lutte contre les prisonniers politiques, souligne :

Il y a plusieurs années, nous avons appelé le gouvernement roumain à expliquer son implication dans les programmes secrets de détention de la CIA. Les autorités roumaines doivent maintenant faire face à ces accusations (…). Un simple démenti ne suffit plus. »

Une telle demande ne devrait toutefois pas encouragé Bucarest à réagir sur cette page sombre de son histoire récente.

http://fr.myeurop.info/2011/12/09/la-prison-secrete-de-la-cia-au-coeur-de-bucarest-4052

0000000000000000000000

Prisons secrètes de la CIA : la Pologne condamnée pour « complicité »

Le Monde.fr avec AFP | 24.07.2014 à 12h19 • Mis à jour le 24.07.2014 à 12h41

La Pologne a dû répondre devant la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme (CEDH) à des accusations d'un Palestinien et d'un Saoudien, qui affirment avoir été torturés sur son territoire avant leur transfert à Guantanamo.

 La Cour européenne des droits de l’homme (CEDH) a condamné, jeudi 24 juillet, la Pologne pour sa « complicité » dans la mise en place du programme de prisons secrètes de la CIA visant des terroristes présumés.
Varsovie a été condamné pour son rôle dans les tortures subies sur son territoire, en 2002-2003, par un Palestinien et un Saoudien, avant que ceux-ci ne soient transférés à la base américaine de Guantanamo (Cuba), où ils sont toujours détenus.

« La Pologne a coopéré à la préparation et à la mise en œuvre des opérations de remise, de détention secrète et d’interrogatoire menées par la CIA sur son territoire et aurait dû savoir que, en permettant à la CIA de détenir de telles personnes sur son territoire, elle leur faisait courir un risque sérieux de subir des traitements contraires à la convention [européenne des droits de l’homme]».

Lire notre reportage  : Plongée au cœur des prisons secrètes de la CIA

100 000 EUROS À CHACUN DES DEUX REQUÉRANTS

La Cour de Strasbourg avait été saisie par les avocats d’Abou Zubaydah, un Palestinien de 43 ans, et d’Abd Al-Rahim Al-Nashiri, un Saoudien de 49 ans.

Ceux-ci avaient plaidé que les autorités de Varsovie, « en toute connaissance de cause et de manière délibérée », avaient autorisé la CIA à les détenir au secret pendant plusieurs mois en 2002-2003 en Pologne, où leurs clients ont été torturés, notamment par la technique de la « simulation de noyade ». La CEDH a ordonné à la Pologne de verser 100 000 euros à chacun des deux requérants, au titre de leur dommage moral.

Cet arrêt n’est pas définitif : les autorités de Varsovie ont trois mois pour demander un nouvel examen du dossier devant la Grande Chambre de la CEDH, ce que la Cour n’est toutefois pas tenue de leur accorder.

Lire aussi : Prisons secrètes de la CIA : le rôle de la Pologne en question

0000000000000000000000000000000

marocLe Maroc aurait reçu de l’argent de la CIA pour construire une prison secrète afin d’accueillir des détenus condamnés par les Etats-Unis. C’est ce que révèle le Washington Post qui est revenu sur une prison américaine secrète basée en Pologne où Khalid Cheikh Mohamed, ancien numéro 3 d’Al-Qaïda et présumé cerveau des attentats du 11 septembre 2001, a été interrogé.

Selon le journal américain, « en septembre 2003, la prison polonaise a été vidée. La CIA a alors dispersé les détenus en Roumanie, au Maroc et, plus tard, en Lituanie. En cherchant une solution à long terme, la CIA a payé aux Marocains 20 millions de dollars pour construire une prison qu’elle n’a jamais utilisée et dont le nom de code était ’’Bombay’’ ».

Le journal révèle aussi que la prison de la CIA en Pologne était sans doute la plus importante de tous les « sites noirs » – « black sites » – créés par l’agence de renseignement américaine après le 11 septembre 2001.

Pour rappel, l’année dernière, des ONG et un rapport de l’ONU ont pointé du doigt le Maroc pour avoir permis aux Etats-Unis de torturer des prisonniers dans un black site situé à Aïn Aouda.

source: http://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/22682/maroc-aurait-recu-millions-dollars.html

————————————————————-

La CIA dotée d’une prison secrète au Maroc

Un rapport de la diplomatie russe le confirme

Carte prisons secrètes

La CIA est bien ancrée au Maroc. L’agence centrale de renseignement des USA se charge même de la gestion de prisons secrètes au pays de Mohammed VI. Un    rapport établi par le ministère des Affaires étrangères russe traitant de la situation des droits de l’homme aux États-Unis confirme cet état de fait, en précisant que les prisons    secrètes de la CIA constituent une problématique qui n’est pas réglée.

En plus du Maroc, ces centres pénitenciers tenus en secret par la CIA se trouvent également dans différents pays, tels que l’Irak, l’Afghanistan, la Thaïlande, la    Pologne pour ne citer que ces pays évoqués dans ledit rapport. Ce document, qui vient d’être présenté à la Douma (Parlement russe), accable de    manière virulente les USA pour son non-respect et ses violations multiformes des droits de l’homme.

« Les mauvais traitements infligés aux enfants, les ingérences dans la vie privée, les violences policières, les    prisons secrètes et les restrictions des libertés d’expression constituent les principaux problèmes en matière de respect des droits de l’homme », écrit-on dans le rapport confectionné    pendant une année par la diplomatie russe et qui se veut une réponse aux critiques adressées à Moscou par les gouvernements des pays occidentaux et les organisations internationales de protection des droits de l’homme.

A 25 km au sud de Rabat

Pour revenir au centre de détention détenu par la CIA au Maroc, à en croire d’autres sources concordantes, a été bâti à l’intérieur d’une colline boisée, non loin    du village d’Aïn Aouda sis à 25 kilomètres au sud de Rabat.

Il s’agit, précisent les mêmes sources, d’un long bâtiment de trois étages ceint d’une quinzaine de maisons cubiques dont la    construction a été réalisée avec le concours de la DST marocaine. Un autre centre de détention que les USA réservent essentiellement aux terroristes d’Al-Qaïda a également été construit au    sein même de la base militaire de Beni Guerir, au Nord de Marrakech, indique-t-on encore.

Le rapport de la diplomatie russe révèle par ailleurs que « les États-Unis demeurent le pays qui compte le plus    grand nombre de détenus au monde, soit 2,2 millions d’individus ». Aussi, la diplomatie russe pointe d’un doigt accusateur les USA pour les sévices et autres punitions    corporelles infligées aux enfants. En ce sens, des sources relevant de la Douma indiquent que « des centaines de milliers d’enfants font l’objet    de mauvais traitements aux États-Unis, ce qui entraîne la mort d’un grand nombre d’entre eux, évaluées à 1 600 victimes pour la seule année 2010 ».

D’autre part, en termes d’ingérence dans la vie privée des citoyens, le rapport russe précise qu’entre 2004 et 2007, « le nombre de messages électroniques interceptés par les services spéciaux américains a augmenté de 3 000 % ». Et ce n’est pas tout, la    diplomatie russe vilipende également le pays de l’oncle Sam pour son non-respect de la liberté de la presse. « Les mesures rigoureuses adoptées par    la police à l’encontre des journalistes couvrant des actions de protestation dans les villes américaines » ont été, en effet, dénoncées dans le même rapport.

K. A.

Le Temps d’Algérie, le 21 octobre 2012

—————————————–

La CIA avait bien fait construire une prison secrète au Maroc suite aux attentats de 2001 et sa guerre en Afghanistan.

C’est ainsi 20 millions de dollars qui ont été dispensés à la royauté afin de permettre, selon le Washington Post, d’emprisonner mais surtout de torturer les prisonniers musulmans suspectés d’entretenir des projets antiaméricains.

Le journal américain affirme que des détenus ont été transférés secrètement de Pologne vers le Maroc pour pouvoir être “traités”… Des rapports de l’ONU viennent d’ailleurs confirmer ces dires sur ce genre de prisons comme celle de Ain Aouda servant particulièrement de centre de torture.

Le Maroc n’est d’ailleurs pas le seul pays musulman ayant abrité ce genre de prisons de sous traitement de la torture américaine. La Syrie de Bachar s’était illustrée elle aussi par ces méthodes abjectes.

source:http://www.islametinfo.fr/2014/01/24/maroc-la-cia-avait-bien-fait-construire-une-prison-secrete/

 ———————————————–

Exclusif : dans l’enfer des prisons secrètes de la CIA 

<a href="/channel/UCCCPCZNChQdGa9EkATeye4g" class=" yt-uix-sessionlink     spf-link  g-hovercard" data-name="" data-sessionlink="ei=heaHVODlO8a0cdqwgeAD" data-ytid="UCCCPCZNChQdGa9EkATeye4g">FRANCE 24</a>

0000000000000000000000000

La torture après le 11 Septembre était-elle justifiée ?

Dick Cheney en 2004.Les hommes au pouvoir sous la présidence de George W. Bush, notamment le vice-président Dick Cheney, et d’anciens chefs de la CIA disent assumer et ont multiplié les interventions ces derniers jours pour défendre leurs décisions.

Dick Cheney — Wikipédia

°°°°

Le Point – Publié le 09/12/2014 à 18:24 – Modifié le 09/12/2014 à 18:37

Un rapport accuse la CIA d’avoir menti à la Maison-Blanche et au Sénat et révèle des pratiques d’interrogatoire qui ont outrepassé la loi.

Un rapport du Sénat américain accuse la CIA de "tortures".
Un rapport du Sénat américain accuse la CIA de « tortures ». © BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI / AFP

L’usage de techniques d’interrogatoire « renforcées » par la CIA dans les années 2000, et dénoncées par Barack Obama comme de la torture, n’a pas permis de déjouer des menaces imminentes d’attentats, conclut un extraordinaire rapport du Sénat immédiatement contesté par l’agence d’espionnage. Dans 20 conclusions implacables pour la CIA, le rapport de 525 pages expurgé et publié par la commission du Renseignement du Sénat, contrôlée par les démocrates, accuse l’agence d’avoir soumis 39 détenus à des techniques brutales pendant plusieurs années, dont certaines n’étaient pas autorisées par l’exécutif américain et que le Sénat décrit en détail.

lire: http://www.lepoint.fr/monde/etats-unis-le-rapport-accablant-sur-les-tortures-de-la-cia-09-12-2014-1888297_24.php

—————————-

Guantanamo et les prisons secrètes

Les détenus dits de grande valeur ont été interrogés par la CIA dans des lieux secrets, des « sites noirs », avant d’être transférés dans la prison militaire de Guantanamo, sur l’île de Cuba, en 2006.

Un rapport parlementaire européen de 2007 accuse nommément la Pologne et la Roumanie d’avoir abrité, entre 2003 et 2005, des centres de détention secrets, respectivement à Kiejkuty, dans le nord-est de la Pologne, et à Bucarest.

Un site en Lituanie, visité par des parlementaires européens, est également soupçonné à Antaviliai, à 20 kilomètres de Vilnius.

La Thaïlande, ainsi que l’Afghanistan où l’armée américaine était en guerre, auraient aussi abrité des sites.

Les pays ne devraient pas être nommés dans le rapport sénatorial.

lire: http://www.ouest-france.fr/tortures-la-cia-ce-que-le-grand-public-savait-deja-3038692

0000000000000000000000000000

Les autorités américaines ont pris des mesures de précaution pour assurer la sécurité de leurs installations à travers le monde avant la publication attendue mardi d’un rapport du Congrès dénonçant les méthodes d’interrogatoire pratiquées par la CIA.Ce rapport recense les activités conduites par l’agence fédérale dans le cadre d’un programme lancé par l’administration de George W. Bush après les attaques du 11 septembre 2001 contre le World Trade Centre à New York et le Pentagone à Washington.Le porte-parole de la Maison blanche, Josh Earnest, a reconnu que la publication de ce rapport présentait un risque pour la sécurité des ressortissants américains et des infrastructures des Etats-Unis.Les agences américaines du renseignement ont diffusé un bulletin secret mettant en garde contre de possibles réactions violentes à l’étranger.Les agences de renseignement ont « une obligation de mettre en garde contre l’éventualité accrue d’une réaction violente suscitée par la publication (du rapport) », a déclaré à Reuters un haut responsable.
(Jeff Mason, Roberta Hampton et Mark Hosenball; Pierre Sérisier pour le service français) ;))
0000000000000000000000000000

To Inform is to Influence

The insignia of the U.S. Army cyber command // Source: army.mil

Published 26 November 2014

Soldiers who want to defend the nation in cyberspace, as part of the U.S. Army’s newest and most technologically advanced career field, now have an Army branch to join that will take its place alongside infantry, artillery, and the other Army combat arms branches. Army Secretary John McHugh and Chief of Staff Gen. Raymond Odierno approved the creation of the Cyber branch in September. “The establishment of a Cyber Branch shows how important and critical the cyber mission is to our Army, and allows us to focus innovative recruiting, retention, leader development, and talent management needed to produce world-class cyberspace professionals,” said Lt. Gen. Edward Cardon, the commanding general of Army Cyber Command.

Soldiers who want to defend the nation in cyberspace, as part of theU.S. Army’s newest and most technologically advanced career field, now…

Voir l’article original 356 mots de plus

Cybercriminalité

Depuis quelques jours et jusqu’à la fin de l’année, Facebook diffuse à ses abonnés, par email et par « notification » (la petite bulle rouge, en haut à droite de votre écran), une notice avertissant de la mise à jour prochaine de ses conditions d’utilisation et de sa politique de confidentialité. Si vous ne les avez pas lues ou simplement pas comprises, pas de panique: L’Express s’en est chargé pour vous. Et, comme souvent avec les géants du net, la missive est beaucoup plus éloquente dans ce qu’elle ne dit pas plutôt que dans ce qu’elle proclame. Lire

Voir l’article original

The New York Times révèle que plus de 40 agences gouvernementales des États-Unis réalisent des missions secrètes

, 17 novembre (RHC-Cubadebate)

The a révélé dans un article que des agents de plus de 40 agences gouvernementales des États-Unis réalisent des missions secrètes en se faisant passer pour des étudiants, des bénéficiaires d’aide sociale, des ou des médecins, entre autres.

Ce journal étasunien donne l’exemple du Département de l’Agriculture, qui compte plus de 100 agents se faisant passer pour des bénéficiaires de bons alimentaires pour détecter d’éventuelles fraudes dans les magasins. The Times explique que ces opérations sont si nombreuses, que certains agents sont amenés à des agents d’autres organismes de l’État sans le savoir.

L’article du quotidien new-yorkais explique que ces programmes, qui étaient autrefois l’apanage du , ont pris une telle ampleur qu’ils posent de sérieux problèmes en matière de libertés civiles.

http://www.radiohc.cu/fr/noticias/internacionales/39433-the-new-york-times-revele-que-plus-de-40-agences-gouvernementales-des-etats-unis-realisent-des-missions-secretes

0000000000000000000000000000000

Coke en stock (LXXIII) : la CIA, l’héroïne … et l’Australie

Publié: 16 novembre 2014 dans 2 - WORLDWIDE, 3 - POLITIQUE, 36, 4 - REGALIENNES, AFRIQUE, AMERIQUE, Cannabis, Caraïbes, CIA, Cocaïne, Costa Rica, DCRI, DEA, DGSI, DNRED, Douane, Economie, FBI, Gendarmerie, Héroïne, Informations générales, INTERPOL, Justice, Les tartuffes, Narcotrafic, NSA, OCGRDF, OCRTIS, Pentagone, Police, Secret défense, Services de renseignement, Société, Terrorisme, TRACFIN, Transport aérien, Transport maritime, USA, Washington
Tags:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Merci à Morice pour ses articles, car les grands médias ne parlent pas suffisamment de ces affaires!

Aviseur International

Coke en stock (LXXIII) : la CIA, l’héroïne … et l’Australie (1)
par morice
samedi 15 novembre 2014

Au départ, en juin dernier, j’avais simplement été intrigué par l’événement. La saisie à bord d’un petit bimoteur d’une cargaison de 35 kilos d’héroïne, très loin, dans l’autre hémisphère. Une enquête menée pendant près de quatre mois à fini par me convaincre que j’étais tombé par hasard sur un événement majeur. La découverte d’une implication directe de la CIA dans un processus reprenant tous les schémas utilisés voici 30 ans par cette même agence, avec les mêmes sociétés factices et des cargaisons semblables, a un endroit où elle avait déjà sévi, jadis. Après avoir longuement décrit ici les turpitudes de l’Agence en Amérique du Sud ou en Afrique (ici même), il était devenu temps en effet de se pencher sur un autre continent. C’est l’Australie, cette fois, qui nous en offre l’occasion…

Voir l’article original 4 690 mots de plus

Maxs Blogs


Pentagon’s plans for a spy service to rival the CIA have been pared back
http://wapo.st/1urGzCk

Submitted November 04, 2014 at 03:15PM by consequus
via reddit http://bit.ly/1urGxdr

Voir l’article original

Wikileaks Actu Francophone

UnknownMOSCOU, 22 octobre (RIA Novosti) – Mardi, un juge fédéral a donné à l’administration Obama jusqu’au 12 Décembre pour justifier sa détention de plus de 2.000 images montrant des détenus en Irak et en Afghanistan qui ont été torturés par l’armée américaine.

Le président Obama, en 2009, a donné sa propre justification pour la détention des photos, en disant: «la conséquence la plus directe en les publiant serait, je crois, d’enflammer davantage l’opinion anti-américaine et de mettre nos troupes en grand danger», et qu’il craignait que « la publication de ces photos pourrait avoir un effet paralysant sur les enquêtes futures d’abus de détenus. »

Lire la suite: http://en.ria.ru/world/20141022/194449013/Judge-Slams-Obama-Administration-for-Hiding-Torture-Photos-From.html

Voir l’article original

More Inherent Resolve Airstrikes Target ISIL in Syria, Iraq; Vinson continues to attack (video)

Publié: 30 octobre 2014 dans ARMEMENT, Informations générales, Irak, MOYEN-ORIENT, Pentagone, Syrie, USA
Tags:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Africa and Asia: The Key Issues

The wars of Africa are fueled by narcotics. That is an exaggerated over-simplification, but what is less well known than it should be is that many of the internal conflicts of today’s Africa are driven in part, sometimes  a substantial part, by profits being made from the trafficking of hard drugs and precursor chemicals. The battles in Mali, in the Central African Republic, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Somalia are influenced by criminal drug syndicates allied to al-Qaeda-linked insurgents. The Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria also has its narcotics component. “Follow the money” is an aphorism relevant for Africa as well as the Middle East.

It is clear to investigators that al-Qaeda in the Maghreb  (AQIM), the terrorist collective that operates in Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Algeria, and Libya (and perhaps in Tunisia), finances itself by trafficking drugs across the Sahara from south to north, and from capturing and…

Voir l’article original 1 492 mots de plus


%d blogueurs aiment cette page :